Schools and obesity prevention: creating school environments and policies to promote healthy eating and physical activity.

  title={Schools and obesity prevention: creating school environments and policies to promote healthy eating and physical activity.},
  author={Mary T. Story and Marilyn S. Nanney and Marlene B. Schwartz},
  journal={The Milbank quarterly},
  volume={87 1},
CONTEXT Research consistently shows that the majority of American children do not consume diets that meet the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, nor do they achieve adequate levels of daily physical activity. As a result, more children are overweight today than at any other time in U.S. history. Schools offer many opportunities to develop strategies to prevent obesity by creating environments in which children eat healthfully and engage regularly in physical activity… 
School health guidelines to promote healthy eating and physical activity.
  • T. Frieden
  • Medicine, Education
    MMWR. Recommendations and reports : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Recommendations and reports
  • 2011
These guidelines, developed in collaboration with specialists from universities and from national, federal, state, local, and voluntary agencies and organizations, are based on an in-depth review of research, theory, and best practices in healthy eating and physical activity promotion in school health, public health, and education.
Physical activity and food environments: solutions to the obesity epidemic.
Environment, policy, and multilevel strategies for improving diet, physical activity, and obesity control are recommended based on a rapidly growing body of research and the collective wisdom of leading expert organizations.
School Policy, Food and Physical Activity Environment, and Childhood Obesity
Comparison of simulated and observed data revealed that school-based policies targeting competitive food availability and physical activity opportunity in school had the potential to prevent childhood obesity.
Current Government Actions and Potential Policy Options for Reducing Obesity in Queensland Schools
Current evidence on Queensland government responses to obesity is summarized to discuss potential policy options that could support healthy eating and regular physical activity, and examine the evidence base for each option and suggest new areas for future research.
Improving healthy dietary behaviors, nutrition knowledge, and self-efficacy among underserved school children with parent and community involvement.
A CSHP using parent and community involvement was effective in reducing the risk of obesity in school-aged Mexican- American children attending low-income schools and needs to be examined in a larger, more diverse sample of children.
Children's eating behavior: the importance of nutrition standards for foods in schools.
Increased availability of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products as components of school meals may be an effective strategy to promote healthy eating behaviors among children.
School Policies and Environment in Promoting Physical Activity and Nutrition toward Prevention of Overweight and Obesity among Primary School Age Children in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania
Tanzania school policy on curriculum needs to be restructured to include physical activity practical sessions as recommended by World Health Organization (WHO).
Children's school-related food and physical activity behaviors are associated with body mass index.
  • Tracy C Vericker
  • Education, Medicine
    Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
  • 2014


The Role of Schools in Obesity Prevention
It is argued that U.S. schools offer many opportunities for developing obesity-prevention strategies by providing more nutritious food, offering greater opportunities for physical activity, and providing obesity-related health services.
Nutrition services and foods and beverages available at school: results from the School Health Policies and Programs Study 2006.
The characteristics of both school nutrition services and the foods and beverages sold outside of the school meals program in the United States are described, including state- and district-level policies and school practices.
The Role of Schools in Preventing Childhood Obesity.
Data on overweight among young people is summarized, 10 evidence-based strategies schools can use to improve student nutrition and physical activity are described, and challenges to improvement are addressed.
School Food Environments and Policies in US Public Schools
As children move to higher grade levels, their school food environments become less healthy, and the great majority of US secondary schools sell items a la carte in the cafeteria and through vending machines, and these 2 sources often contain low-nutrient, energy-dense foods and beverages, commonly referred to as junk food.
School-Based Approaches to Affect Adolescents’ Diets: Results From the TEENS Study
The outcomes of the Teens Eating for Energy and Nutrition at School (TEENS) study, a 2-year intervention study conducted in 16 middle schools with a goal of increasing students’ intakes of fruits, vegetables, and lower fat foods, are reported on.
The role of schools in preventing childhood obesity.
Schools can play a role in preventing childhood obesity by serving healthy meals with adequate calories and nutrients, providing nutrition education that encourages healthful food selections, offering opportunities for physical activity and creating school environments that model healthful behaviors.
The association of the school food environment with dietary behaviors of young adolescents.
School-based programs that aim to promote healthy eating among youths should target school-level environmental factors, including fruit and fruit/vegetable consumption and total and saturated fat intake.
Schoolwide food practices are associated with body mass index in middle school students.
Schoolwide food practices that supported frequent snacking and the consumption of foods and beverages high in calories and low in nutrients by students throughout the school day were common and adversely associated with body mass index of the students.
Physical education and physical activity: results from the School Health Policies and Programs Study 2006.
To enhance physical education and physical activity in schools, a comprehensive approach at the state, district, school, and classroom levels is necessary.
Developing School-Based BMI Screening and Parent Notification Programs: Findings From Focus Groups With Parents of Elementary School Students
  • M. Kubik, M. Story, G. Rieland
  • Education
    Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education
  • 2007
Parents were generally supportive of school-based BMI screening, however, they wanted assurance that student privacy and respect would be maintained during measurement and that BMI results would be provided to parents in a neutral manner that avoided weight labeling.