Schooling and Labor Market Consequences of School Construction in Indonesia: Comment

  title={Schooling and Labor Market Consequences of School Construction in Indonesia: Comment},
  author={G. David Roodman},
  journal={SSRN Electronic Journal},
Duflo (2001) exploits a 1970s primary schooling expansion to estimate the returns to schooling in Indonesia. Under t he study’s difference-in-differences (DID) design, two patterns in the data — negative selection in treatment and shallower wage-schooling gradients for younger workers — can together bias results upward. In response, I follow-up later; test for trend breaks timed to the intervention; and perform changes-in-changes, which relaxes the parallel trends assumption. I also correct… 



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