Schooling, politics and the construction of identity in Hong Kong: the 2012 ‘Moral and National Education’ crisis in historical context

@article{Morris2015SchoolingPA,
  title={Schooling, politics and the construction of identity in Hong Kong: the 2012 ‘Moral and National Education’ crisis in historical context},
  author={Paul Morris and Edward Vickers},
  journal={Comparative Education},
  year={2015},
  volume={51},
  pages={305 - 326}
}
Since Hong Kong's retrocession, the government has endeavoured to strengthen local citizens' identification with the People's Republic of China – a project that acquired new impetus with the 2010 decision to introduce ‘Moral and National Education’ (MNE) as a compulsory school subject. In the face of strong local opposition, this policy was withdrawn in 2012, and implementation of MNE made optional. This article seeks to elucidate the background to the MNE controversy of 2012 by locating the… 

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