School bullying and youth violence: causes or consequences of psychopathologic behavior?

  title={School bullying and youth violence: causes or consequences of psychopathologic behavior?},
  author={Young Shin Kim and Bennett L. Leventhal and Yun-Joo Koh and Alan Hubbard and William Thomas Boyce},
  journal={Archives of general psychiatry},
  volume={63 9},
CONTEXT The causal relation between school bullying and psychopathologic behavior has been the focus of substantial debate. Previous studies have failed to garner causal evidence in either direction, largely because of methodologic constraints such as cross-sectional study designs, shared method variance, and analytic shortfalls. OBJECTIVE To determine the direction of the causal relation between psychopathologic behavior and school bullying. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Two… CONTINUE READING


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Developmental context of peer harassment in early adolescence: the role of puberty and the peer group

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