School Engagement: Potential of the Concept, State of the Evidence

@article{Fredricks2004SchoolEP,
  title={School Engagement: Potential of the Concept, State of the Evidence},
  author={Jennifer Fredricks and Phyllis Blumenfeld and Alison H. Paris},
  journal={Review of Educational Research},
  year={2004},
  volume={74},
  pages={109 - 59}
}
The concept of school engagement has attracted increasing attention as representing a possible antidote to declining academic motivation and achievement. Engagement is presumed to be malleable, responsive to contextual features, and amenable to environmental change. Researchers describe behavioral, emotional, and cognitive engagement and recommend studying engagement as a multifaceted construct. This article reviews definitions, measures, precursors, and outcomes of engagement; discusses… 

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This Issue

E NGAGEMENT REFERS TO THE quality and extent of students’ involvement in schooling and their connection to the people, activities, goals, and values that comprise it. Engagement can take several
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