School Crime Control and Prevention

  title={School Crime Control and Prevention},
  author={Philip J. Cook and Denise C. Gottfredson and Chongmin Na},
  journal={Crime and Justice},
  pages={313 - 440}
School violence, drug use, vandalism, gang activity, bullying, and theft are costly and interfere with academic achievement. Fortunately, crime victimization in schools for students and teachers followed the downward trend in national crime rates during the 1990s and has remained at a relatively low level since 2000. Youths are as likely to be victimized in school as out when it comes to theft and minor assaults, but the most serious assaults tend to occur outside of school. Despite the high… 
Police Officers in Schools: Effects on School Crime and the Processing of Offending Behaviors
The use of police in schools has increased dramatically in the past 12 years, largely due to increases in US Department of Justice funding. This study used data from the School Survey on Crime and
The Effects of a School Policing Program on Crime, Discipline, and Disorder: A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation
This study analyzes the impacts of school-based law enforcement officers on school crime, disciplinary actions, and disciplinary problems in 238 middle and high schools in West Virginia using a
Using social media to warn potential victims, and encourage youths to denounce crime and violence in Jamaica
The youth cohort is the group most likely to be involved in criminal activities, being classified as either perpetrator or victim. This intervention explored the use of social media as a mechanism
Violence in Schools: Repeat Victimization, Low Self-Control, and the Mitigating Influence of School Efficacy
ObjectivesExamine the distribution of various forms of violent victimization among adolescents in school and the main and interactive effects of low self-control and school efficacy on repeat assault
Do Barriers to Crime Prevention Moderate the Effects of Situational Crime Prevention Policies on Violent Crime in High Schools?
ABSTRACT This study investigates how barriers to school-based crime prevention programming moderate the effects of situational crime prevention (SCP) policies on levels of violent crime in U.S.
An Examination of School Resource Officers as an Approach to Reduce Social Disturbances in Schools: Evidence from a National Longitudinal Study
School safety is a priority for school administrators and policy makers as they seek strategies to provide an environment conducive to learning. Beyond preventing crime, schools must contend with
The Roles of Police Officers in Schools
Deploying police officers, known as school resource officers (SROs), in schools is a popular school crime prevention strategy. This study tested whether specific SRO roles, rather than the presence
Students’ Feelings of Safety, Exposure to Violence and Victimization, and Authoritative School Climate
Although many students feel unsafe at school, few malleable factors have been identified to increase students’ feelings of safety. Drawing on criminological behavior control theories, this study
Making Schools Safer and/or Escalating Disciplinary Response: A Study of Police Officers in North Carolina Schools
The “defund the police” movement has recently called for the removal of police—or school resource officers (SROs)—from schools. This call is driven by concerns that SROs may heighten student contact


Communities, Students, Schools, and School Crime
This study investigates how community characteristics, student background, school climate, and zero-tolerance policies interact to affect school crime. The study articulates and fits a school crime
The Timing of Property Crime, Violent Crime, and Substance Use among Juveniles
This study examines the timing of juvenile delinquent behavior by crime type. A study of 513 youths participating in after-school programs indicates that crimes against persons are elevated during
Antisocial, Aggressive, and Violent Behavior in Children and Adolescents Within Alternative Education Settings: Prevention and Intervention
The display of antisocial behavior by children and youths in America is recognized as one of the most pressing concerns facing educators today. To meet the educational needs of these students while
Are Idle Hands the Devil's Workshop? Incapacitation, Concentration and Juvenile Crime
This paper examines the short-term effect of school on juvenile crime. To do so, we bring together daily measures of criminal activity and detailed school calendar information from 29 jurisdictions
Effectiveness of universal school-based programs to prevent violent and aggressive behavior: a systematic review.
Bullying in Middle School: Individual and School Characteristics of Victims and Offenders
The purpose of this study was to examine individual and school characteristics of victims and offenders of bullying in middle school, using survey data from the New Brunswick School Climate Studies
The Effects of School Desegregation on Crime
One of the most striking features of crime in America is its disproportionate concentration in disadvantaged, racially segregated communities, which has long raised concern that segregation itself
School-Based Prevention of Problem Behaviors: A Meta-Analysis
This study examines the features of effective school-based prevention of crime, substance use, dropout/nonattendance, and other conduct problems. It summarizes, using meta-analytic techniques,
The Effects of School Climate, Socioeconomics, and Cultural Factors on Student Victimization in Israel
The study reported in this article is based on a nationally representative sample of 10,400 students in grades 7 through 11 in 162 schools across Israel. The authors used hierarchical linear modeling