School—Police Partnership Effectiveness in Urban Schools: An Analysis of New York City's Impact Schools Initiative

  title={School—Police Partnership Effectiveness in Urban Schools: An Analysis of New York City's Impact Schools Initiative},
  author={Kevin Patrick Brady and Sharon Balmer and Deinya Phenix},
  journal={Education and Urban Society},
  pages={455 - 478}
Despite nationwide decreases in school crime and violence, a relatively high and increasing number of students report feeling unsafe at school. In response, some school officials are implementing school—police partnerships, especially in urban areas, as an effort to deter criminal activity and violence in schools. This article examines the initial effect of New York City's Impact Schools Initiative, a punitive-based school—police partnership developed in January 2004 that increases police… 

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