Schema Therapy for Personality Disorders—A Review

@article{Jacob2013SchemaTF,
  title={Schema Therapy for Personality Disorders—A Review},
  author={Gitta Anne Jacob and Arnoud R Arntz},
  journal={International Journal of Cognitive Therapy},
  year={2013},
  volume={6},
  pages={171-185}
}
  • G. JacobA. Arntz
  • Published 30 May 2013
  • Psychology
  • International Journal of Cognitive Therapy
Schema therapy (ST) with the schema mode approach is currently one of the major developments in CBT for personality disorders. The schema mode model includes both a general approach to treatment as well as specific variants for each personality disorder. The first specific mode model has been defined for borderline personality disorder. Treatment based on this model has been found to be very effective in several studies. A meta-analysis of these studies is presented. Further mode models have… 

Figures from this paper

The schema mode model for personality disorders

Schema therapy (ST) based on the schema mode approach is currently one of the major developments in the treatment of personality disorders (PD). ST is a transdiagnostic approach, but also provides

Adapting Schema Therapy for Personality Disorders in Older Adults

Schema therapy (ST) is an evidence-based treatment for personality disorders (PDs). The first research into ST with older adults in a short group format demonstrated its applicability for this

A Review of the Effectiveness and Mechanisms of Change for Three Psychological Interventions for Borderline Personality Disorder

The therapeutic uncertainty common in much of the early literature on borderline personality disorder (BPD) has given way to a growing research base with findings indicating the effectiveness of a

Does schema therapy change schemas and symptoms? A systematic review across mental health disorders

Using schema therapy for disorders other than BPD should be based on service user/patient preference and clinical expertise and/or that the theoretical underpinnings of schema therapy justify the use of it therapeutically, because rigorous evidence for other mental health disorders is currently sparse.

Schema therapy for Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID): rationale and study protocol

The aim of this study is to critically test the effectiveness of schema therapy for DID patients, for whom at present no evidence-based treatment is available.

Towards optimal treatment selection for borderline personality disorder patients (BOOTS): a study protocol for a multicenter randomized clinical trial comparing schema therapy and dialectical behavior therapy

Background Specialized evidence-based treatments have been developed and evaluated for borderline personality disorder (BPD), including Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) and Schema Therapy (ST).

Feasibility of Group Schema Therapy for Outpatients with Severe Borderline Personality Disorder in Germany: A Pilot Study with Three Year Follow-Up

The results suggest that GST speeds up and amplifies treatment effects of ST and might reduce delivery costs, and encourage further implementation of ST outpatient treatment programs even for patients with severe BPD and high hospitalization risk.

Changing character: A narrative review of personality change in psychotherapies for personality disorder

  • J. R. KeefeR. DeRubeis
  • Psychology
    Psychotherapy research : journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
  • 2019
Evidence from treatment and naturalistic studies indicate that maturation of defense mechanisms temporally precedes improvements in symptoms and functioning in PD, and changes in attachment and mentalization correlate with some outcomes, but mediation of improvement has not been established.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 67 REFERENCES

Extended Schema Mode conceptualizations for specific personality disorders: an empirical study.

The modification of the Overcontroller mode into the Perfectionistic and Suspicious Over controller mode was valuable for characterizing paranoid and obsessive-compulsive PD.

Schema therapy for patients with borderline personality disorder: a single case series.

Schema therapy for borderline personality disorder.

Schema therapy draws on the cognitive-behavioral, attachment, psychodynamic, and emotion-focused traditions and conceptualizes patients who have borderline personality disorder as being under the sway of five modes or aspects of the self.

A schema-focused approach to group psychotherapy for outpatients with borderline personality disorder: a randomized controlled trial.

Group Schema Therapy for Eating Disorders: A Pilot Study

Self-report feedback suggests that group factors may catalyze the change process in schema therapy by increasing perceptions of support and encouragement to take risks and try out new behaviors, whilst providing a de-stigmatizing and de-shaming therapeutic experience.

Outpatient psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder: randomized trial of schema-focused therapy vs transference-focused psychotherapy.

Three years of SFT or TFP proved to be effective in reducing borderline personality disorder-specific and general psychopathologic dysfunction and in improving quality of life; SFT is more effective than TFP for all measures.

Responding to the Treatment Challenge of Patients with Severe BPD: Results of Three Pilot Studies of Inpatient Schema Therapy

Three independent uncontrolled pilot studies show that inpatient ST can significantly reduce symptoms of severe BPD and global severity of psychopathology with effect sizes ranging from Cohen's d = 2.84 to Cohen'sD = .43.

Treatment of childhood memories: theory and practice.

Schema Focused Therapy in Forensic Settings: Theoretical Model and Recommendations for Best Clinical Practice

Until recently few empirically supported treatments for patients with personality disorders were available. Schema Focused Therapy (SFT) has recently shown efficacy in (non-forensic) outpatients with
...