Scarification in sub‐Saharan Africa: social skin, remedy and medical import

@article{Garve2017ScarificationIS,
  title={Scarification in sub‐Saharan Africa: social skin, remedy and medical import},
  author={Roland Garve and Miriam Garve and Jens Christoph T{\"u}rp and Julius N. Fobil and Christian G. Meyer},
  journal={Tropical Medicine \& International Health},
  year={2017},
  volume={22}
}
Various forms of body modification may be observed in sub‐Saharan Africa. Hypotheses and theories of scarification and tribal marking in sub‐Saharan Africa are described, plus the procedure of scarification, examples from several African countries, assumed effects in prevention and treatment of diseases, and the medical risks resulting from unsterile manipulation. 
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