Scarification in sub‐Saharan Africa: social skin, remedy and medical import

  title={Scarification in sub‐Saharan Africa: social skin, remedy and medical import},
  author={Roland Garve and Miriam Garve and Jens Christoph T{\"u}rp and Julius N. Fobil and Christian G. Meyer},
  journal={Tropical Medicine \& International Health},
Various forms of body modification may be observed in sub‐Saharan Africa. Hypotheses and theories of scarification and tribal marking in sub‐Saharan Africa are described, plus the procedure of scarification, examples from several African countries, assumed effects in prevention and treatment of diseases, and the medical risks resulting from unsterile manipulation. 
Tattoo and body art: a cultural overview of scarification
While it may be difficult for most members of Western society to understand this form of body modification, for many groups the practice is a form of unification, identification, and spiritual healing. Expand
Recognizing Culturally Related Findings on Refugee Physical Examinations
  • E. Einterz
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine
  • 2018
The descriptions detailed here introduce providers to some of the signs that result from body modification practices commonly encountered on physical examination of refugees. Expand
Are there traditional practices that affect men’s reproductive health in sub-Saharan Africa? A systematic review and meta-analysis approach
Abstract Traditions practices within sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) varies from one culture to another, and are specifically community related. There are traditional harmful practices that rob men of theirExpand
International Journal of Social Science and Economic Research
Distant rural regions of the sub-Sahara Africa are often coveted by foreign investing companies for their natural resources .However; the rural populations do not always take advantage of economicExpand
Skin diseases in rural Nyala, Sudan (in a rural hospital, in 12 orphanages, and in two refugee camps).
The prevalence of skin diseases in the rural Nyala was more than the authors' expectation and was dominated by infectious skin diseases. Expand
Skin diseases in rural Nyala, Sudan (in a rural hospital, in 12 orphanages, and in two refugee camps)
The prevalence of skin diseases in the rural Nyala was more than the authors' expectation and was dominated by infectious skin diseases. Expand
Evaluation of content and cost of traditional eye medication in a resource-poor country – Implications for eye care practice and policy
The content of the majority of the samples of traditional eye medications used in the treatment of common eye conditions in Nigeria had high extremes of pH and/or had a high microbial content. Expand
Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Sub-Saharan Africa
There is a need for multipronged strategies to decrease the incidence of HCC and improve its outcomes in SSA. Expand
The Wearing Process as a Rite of Passage
Abstract This article explores some value-adding changes involved in the wearing down and wearing out of garments from a psycho-anthropological viewpoint. The material changes in a garment’s fabricExpand
Determinants of Care-Seeking Practices for Children with Sickle Cell Disease in Ekiti, Southwest Nigeria
The high patronage of non-hospital care facilities in this study raises the need for stakeholders to monitor activities and train the operators at these informal care centres and identify predictors of poor HSB among SCD patients. Expand


Labrets in Africa and Amazonia: medical implications and cultural determinants
The history of labrets in different societies is summarized, medical consequences of wearing lip plates and plugs for jaws and teeth are described and relevant cultural issues are addressed. Expand
The witch-doctor and tribal scarification of the skin and the hepatitis B antigen.
The possible role that scarification of the skin by witchdoctors, or during ritual tribal ceremonies, plays in the high frequency of the hepatitis B antigen (HB Ag) carrier state in South AfricanExpand
Observations on the Procedural Aspects and Health Effects of Scarification in Sub-Saharan Africa
This review of scarification in sub-Saharan Africa highlights the complex interplay that exists between biology and society and indicates that scarification does not appear to be a random or accidental occurrence. Expand
Infant oral mutilation in East Africa – therapeutic and ritual grounds
This paper reviews the practice and ritual traditions of infant oral mutilation, drawing on a literature search in PubMed and Google Scholar, historical reports, relevant textbooks, NGO materials andExpand
An Ancient Practice: Scarification and Tribal Marking in Ghana
p.4 Introduction p.5 Methodology p.9 Main Report: An Ancient Practice: Scarification and Tribal Marking in Ghana Chapter I: Decoration p.14 Chapter II: Spiritual Protection p.16 Chapter III: MedicalExpand
Splenic enlargement and abdominal scarification in childhood malaria. Beliefs, practices and their possible roles in management in Benin City, Nigeria.
Practice of scarification is deep rooted and widespread in the study location and has potentials to negate efforts involved in malaria control. Expand
Indigenous healers in the North West province: A survey of their clinical activities in health care in the rural areas
The clinical conditions brought to indigenous healers by people in the rural areas in search of health care were explored and the demographic variables and preventive, promotive, curative and follow-up activities of indigenous healer activities were investigated. Expand
Symbolic or not-so-symbolic wounds: The behavioral ecology of human scarification.
Abstract Scarification, the deliberate and often painful modification of the body, is analyzed from the perspective of four competing hypotheses: (1) a rite of passage, (2) a hardening/traumaExpand
Sociocultural aspects of HIV/AIDS infection in Nigeria.
The paper discusses these phenomena with respect to HIV transmission and suggests imminent changes and social re-engineering that are essential in the era of HIV/AIDS. Expand
[Clinical and epidemiological aspects of traditional therapeutic scarification in epilepsy in Togo].
The skin of 36,000 patients in the neurological department of Lomé's teaching hospital between 1985 and 1995 was examined and a similar, population-based study on about 20,000 inhabitants in the Kloto district of south-western Togo and on 10,000 residents in the Tone district of northern Togo revealed that forehead scarifications are characteristic of epilepsy treatment. Expand