Scarcity of ecosystem services: an experimental manipulation of declining pollination rates and its economic consequences for agriculture


Ecosystem services (ES) such as pollination are vital for the continuous supply of food to a growing human population, but the decline in populations of insect pollinators worldwide poses a threat to food and nutritional security. Using a pollinator (honeybee) exclusion approach, we evaluated the impact of pollinator scarcity on production in four brassica… (More)
DOI: 10.7717/peerj.2099


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