Inferior glenoid fossa fractures: patho-anatomy and results of operative treatment
The authors operated on 22 patients with scapular body fractures, with a mean age of 35 years. The minimal follow-up was 12 months. All patients were treated from the Judet posterior approach. The study included 14 cases of an isolated body fracture, three of scapular body fracture combined with fracture of the scapular neck and five of glenoid fossa fracture. In all 14 cases where a 3D computed tomography (CT) reconstruction was performed prior to operation, intraoperative findings corresponded to this reconstruction. In eight cases without preoperative 3D CT reconstruction, the correct type of fracture was identified in only two cases. We also identified three basic types of fractures of the lateral border of the scapula. The anatomical relationship between the glenoid fossa and scapular body, congruency and stability of the shoulder joint was achieved in all cases. The average constant score was 94.