Scale economies and duality

@article{Fre1986ScaleEA,
  title={Scale economies and duality},
  author={Rolf F{\"a}re and Shawna Grosskopf and C. A. Knox Lovell},
  journal={Journal of Economics},
  year={1986},
  volume={46},
  pages={175-182}
}
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References

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THE EXISTENCE of increasing returns to scale in production poses a number of difficult problems. In general equilibrium theory the problems are obvious. Standard results on the competitive
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The Elasticity of Scale and the Shape of Average Costs
different concepts of returns to scale. The first, which is most widely used for defining returns to scale,' is the relative increase in output as all input quantities are increased proportionally