Scaffold protein harmonin (USH1C) provides molecular links between Usher syndrome type 1 and type 2.

Abstract

Usher syndrome (USH) is the most frequent cause of combined deaf-blindness in man. USH is clinically and genetically heterogeneous with at least 11 chromosomal loci assigned to the three USH types (USH1A-G, USH2A-C, USH3A). Although the different USH types exhibit almost the same phenotype in human, the identified USH genes encode for proteins which belong to very different protein classes and families. We and others recently reported that the scaffold protein harmonin (USH1C-gene product) integrates all identified USH1 molecules in a USH1-protein network. Here, we investigated the relationship between the USH2 molecules and this USH1-protein network. We show a molecular interaction between the scaffold protein harmonin (USH1C) and the USH2A protein, VLGR1 (USH2C) and the candidate for USH2B, NBC3. We pinpoint these interactions to interactions between the PDZ1 domain of harmonin and the PDZ-binding motifs at the C-termini of the USH2 proteins and NBC3. We demonstrate that USH2A, VLGR1 and NBC3 are co-expressed with the USH1-protein harmonin in the synaptic terminals of both retinal photoreceptors and inner ear hair cells. In hair cells, these USH proteins are also localized in the signal uptaking stereocilia. Our data indicate that the USH2 proteins and NBC3 are further partners in the supramolecular USH-protein network in the retina and inner ear which shed new light on the function of USH2 proteins and the entire USH-protein network. These findings provide first evidence for a molecular linkage between the pathophysiology in USH1 and USH2. The organization of USH molecules in a mutual 'interactome' related to the disease can explain the common phenotype in USH.

Extracted Key Phrases

6 Figures and Tables

0204060'06'07'08'09'10'11'12'13'14'15'16'17
Citations per Year

283 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 283 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Reiners2005ScaffoldPH, title={Scaffold protein harmonin (USH1C) provides molecular links between Usher syndrome type 1 and type 2.}, author={Jan Reiners and Erwin van Wijk and Tina Maerker and Ulrike Zimmermann and Karin J{\"{u}rgens and Heleen te Brinke and Nora Overlack and Ronald Roepman and Marlies Knipper and Hannie Kremer and Uwe Wolfrum}, journal={Human molecular genetics}, year={2005}, volume={14 24}, pages={3933-43} }