Savanna Chimpanzees at Fongoli, Senegal, Navigate a Fire Landscape

  title={Savanna Chimpanzees at Fongoli, Senegal, Navigate a Fire Landscape},
  author={Jill D. Pruetz and Nicole M. Herzog},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={S337 - S350}
  • J. PruetzN. Herzog
  • Published 2 June 2017
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • Current Anthropology
Savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at Fongoli, Senegal, appear to be able to predict the “behavior” of wildfires of various intensities. Although most wildfires are avoided, even the most intense fires are met with relative calm and seemingly calculated movement by apes in this arid, hot, and open environment. In addition to reviewing instances of such behavior collected during the course of the Fongoli study, we also report chimpanzees’ use of burned landscapes during the dry season… 

Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in savanna landscapes

The significance of research on savanna chimpanzees to modeling the evolution of early hominin traits and informing conservation programs for these endangered apes is discussed, as well as pathways for future research to understand its evolutionary processes and mechanisms.

Influence of human disturbance on Western Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) nesting behavior in a savanna mosaic habitat, southeastern Senegal

The Bantan chimpanzees show a preference for nesting in the genus Pterocarpus, despite the fact that the genus Combretum is the most available, and distribution maps show a general westward movement in nesting locations over the years.

Landscapes of the apes: modelling landscape use of chimpanzees and early hominins across an environmental gradient.

As primate habitat is declining rapidly, studying the flexibility of primates to adapt to changing landscapes is important. Landscape-scale studies of primate habitat use are, however, scant.

Evidence of Burning from Bushfires in Southern and East Africa and Its Relevance to Hominin Evolution

Early human fire use is of great scientific interest, but little comparative work has been undertaken across the ecological settings in which natural fire occurs or on the taphonomy of fire and

Landscaping the behavioural ecology of primate stone tool use

The findings indicate that the technological landscape of the Bossou chimpanzees shares affinities with the ‘favoured places’ model of hominin site formation and provides new insights for reconstructing ancient patterns of landscape use.

The possible role of predator–prey dynamics as an influence on early hominin use of burned landscapes

  • S. Hoare
  • Environmental Science
    Evolutionary anthropology
  • 2019
Two possible evolutionary scenarios in which hominins could either have selected or avoided burned areas (3–2 mya), based on whether ambush or coursing predators were perceived as presenting the greatest risk are suggested.



Fire and home range expansion: a behavioral response to burning among savanna dwelling vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops).

This report reports the behavioral responses of a savanna-dwelling primate, vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops), to fire-induced ecological change and shows that these primates inhabiting small, spatially bound, riverine habitats take advantage of newly burned savanna landscapes.

Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) Behavioral Responses to Stresses Associated With Living in a Savanna-Mosaic Environment: Implications for Hominin Adaptations to Open Habitats

Anthropologists have long been interested in the behavioral ecology of nonhuman primates living in savannas given what we know of early hominin environments. As expected, chimpanzees in the Fongoli

Brief communication: Reaction to fire by savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at Fongoli, Senegal: Conceptualization of "fire behavior" and the case for a chimpanzee model.

It is argued that the findings at Fongoli exemplify the importance of using living chimpanzees as models for better understanding human evolution despite recently published suggestions to the contrary.

Evidence of cave use by savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at Fongoli, Senegal: implications for thermoregulatory behavior

  • J. Pruetz
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 2007
Insight into the way that chimpanzees in Senegal cope with extreme temperatures may help to better understand the behavior of early hominids in such an environment.

After the fire: benefits of reduced ground cover for vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops)

Here we describe changes in ranging behavior and other activities of vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) after a wildfire eliminated grass cover in a large area near the study group's home range.

Multilevel analysis of the foraging decisions of western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) and resource scarcity in a savanna environment at Fongoli, Senegal

Savannas are the hottest, driest, and most open environments occupied by wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Chimpanzee subsistence strategies are poorly understood in these habitats and, thus,

Orangutans: Wizards of the Rain Forest

he primatologist Irven DeVore once said that “If we, in our travels in space, should encounter a creature that shares 98% of our genetic makeup, think of the money we would spend to study this

Ethogram and Ethnography of Mahale Chimpanzees

This paper aims to compile an exhaustive list of the behavioral patterns exhibited by the chimpanzees of the Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania. The compilation is based on the glossary

Do "savanna" chimpanzees consume C4 resources?

Temporal dynamics of the reponses by African mammals to prescribed fire

Although burning stimulates vegetation growth and improves wildlife visibility, managers should recognize that wildlife responses might not persist for more than more than a few months in tropical African savannas like the one monitored here.