Satellite measurements of sea surface temperature through clouds

  title={Satellite measurements of sea surface temperature through clouds},
  author={Wentz and Gentemann and Smith and Chelton},
  volume={288 5467},
Measurements of sea surface temperature (SST) can be made by satellite microwave radiometry in all weather conditions except rain. Microwaves penetrate clouds with little attenuation, giving an uninterrupted view of the ocean surface. This is a distinct advantage over infrared measurements of SST, which are obstructed by clouds. Comparisons with ocean buoys show a root mean square difference of about 0.6 degrees C, which is partly due to the satellite-buoy spatial-temporal sampling mismatch and… 

Global Microwave Satellite Observations of Sea Surface Temperature for Numerical Weather Prediction and Climate Research

Abstract Obtaining global sea surface temperature (SST) fields for the ocean boundary condition in numerical weather prediction (NWP) models and for climate research has long been problematic.

In situ validation of Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission microwave sea surface temperatures

[1] We present a validation study of sea surface temperature (SST) retrievals from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI). TMI SSTs are calculated using a radiative

A review of satellite-based microwave observations of sea surface temperatures

  • K. Hosoda
  • Environmental Science, Mathematics
  • 2010
Satellite-based microwave radiometers can measure sea surface temperature (SST) over wide areas, even under cloud cover, owing to the weak absorption of microwaves by cloud droplets. This advantage

Evaluating a satellite-based sea surface temperature by shipboard survey in the Northwest Indian Ocean

A summer-time shipboard meteorological survey is described in the Northwest Indian Ocean. Shipboard observations are used to evaluate a satellite-based sea surface temperature (SST), and then find


Sea surface temperature (SST) from satellite infrared measurements has long history. The polar-orbit satellite products have high spatial resolution about 1 km. However, the applications of satellite

Satellite microwave SST: accuracy, comparisons to AVHRR and Reynolds SST, and measurement of diurnal thermocline variability

  • C. GentemannF. Wentz
  • Environmental Science, Mathematics
    IGARSS 2001. Scanning the Present and Resolving the Future. Proceedings. IEEE 2001 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Cat. No.01CH37217)
  • 2001
Satellite microwave radiometers offer vital observations pertinent to this research, as they are capable of global, daily, coincident retrievals of skin sea surface temperature (SST), wind-stress, cloud cover, and rain rate, which can be compared with a bulk SST, to examine skin-bulk relationships.

Satellite Measurements Reveal Persistent Small-Scale Features in Ocean Winds

Four-year averages of 25-kilometer-resolution measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction over the global ocean from the QuikSCAT satellite radar scatterometer reveal the existence of

Coupling between the atmosphere and Asian Marginal Seas

  • W. LiuS. XieX. Xie
  • Environmental Science
    Oceans 2003. Celebrating the Past ... Teaming Toward the Future (IEEE Cat. No.03CH37492)
  • 2003
The advance of spacebased microwave sensors that measure ocean surface wind vector, dynamic topography, and sea surface temperature (SST), under both clear and cloudy conditions, night and day, open

Validation of MODIS Sea Surface Temperature Product in the Coastal Waters of the Yellow Sea

Moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) on board Terra and Aqua SST products were examined and validated for coastal waters in the Yellow Sea by using the in situ buoy data, finding no significant dependence of the bias on air-sea temperature difference or surface flow velocity.

Validation of SST and Windspeed from TRMM using North Indian Ocean Moored Buoy Observations

Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and wind speed are important surface parameters that determine air-sea interaction in the tropics. Availability of good quality SST and wind speed data with good spatial



Biases in satellite-derived sea-surface-temperature data

STRONG1 indicates from satellite data that global sea surface temperature increased by 0.1 °C per year over the 6.5-year period between January 1982 and June 1988. Here we show that no significant

On the bulk‐skin temperature difference and its impact on satellite remote sensing of sea surface temperature

Satellite infrared sensors only observe the temperature of the skin of the ocean rather than the bulk sea surface temperature (SST) traditionally measured from ships and buoys. In order to examine

Coupled ocean‐atmospheric waves on the equatorial front

Striking 20–30‐day sea surface temperature waves observed along the equatorial front in the later half of the year are generally believed to be of an oceanic origin. Here we report the detection of

Microwave radiometric measurements of sea surface temperature from the seasat satellite: first results.

Initial results from the Seasat scanning multichannel microwave radiometer indicate that the sea surface temperature can be measured with a root-mean-square sensitivity of 1.2 degrees C or better.

Moisture and latent heat flux variabilities in the tropical Pacific derived from satellite data

  • W. Liu
  • Environmental Science
  • 1988
A method of determining ocean-atmosphere moisture and latent heat fluxes using spaceborne sensors is presented and evaluated. The satellite data used are the geophysical parameters: sea surface

A well‐calibrated ocean algorithm for special sensor microwave / imager

I describe an algorithm for retrieving geophysical parameters over the ocean from special sensor microwave/imager (SSM/I) observations. This algorithm is based on a model for the brightness

Seasat Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer: Results of the Gulf of Alaska Workshop

The scanning multichannel microwave radiometer results for the Gulf of Alaska Seasat Experiment Workshop are quite encouraging, especially in view of the immaturity of the data-processing algorithms.

A satellite time series of sea surface temperatures in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, 1982–1986

Satellite measurements of sea surface temperature (SST) in the eastern equatorial Pacific have been made since 1982 using the multichannel advanced very high resolution radiometers on NOAA polar

Comparative performance of AVHRR‐based multichannel sea surface temperatures

A brief outline of the basic concepts of cloud filtering and atmospheric attenuation corrections used in the Multi-channel Sea Surface Temperature (MCSST) method is given. The operational MCSST

Satellite Imagery of Sea Surface Temperature Cooling in the Wake of Hurricane Edouard (1996)

It is well documented that in the wake of a hurricane there is significant cooling of sea surface temperature (SST) (Hazelworth 1968; Brand 1971; Federov 1972; Stramma et al. 1986; Shay et al. 1992;