Sarcopenia and its implications for the elderly

  title={Sarcopenia and its implications for the elderly},
  author={Ronenn Roubenoff},
  journal={European Journal of Clinical Nutrition},
  • R. Roubenoff
  • Published 1 June 2000
  • Medicine
  • European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sarcopenia is the loss of muscle mass and strength with age. Sarcopenia is a part of normal aging, and occurs even in master athletes, although it is clearly accelerated by physical inactivity. Sarcopenia contributes to disability, reduced ability to cope with the stress of a major illness, and to mortality in the elderly. The etiology of sarcopenia is unclear, but several important factors have been identified. These include loss of alpha motor neurons, decline in muscle cell contractility… 

Sarcopenia: assessment of disease burden and strategies to improve outcomes

Because sarcopenia is associated with important adverse health outcomes, such as frailty, hospitalization, and mortality, several therapeutic strategies have been identified that involve exercise training, nutritional supplementation, hormonal therapies, and novel strategies and are still under investigation.

Sarcopenia and nutrition.

Advantages of dietary, exercise-related, and therapeutic interventions to prevent and treat sarcopenia in adult patients: an update

The aim of this review is to provide an update on the current knowledge of the definition, etiology, consequences, and current clinical trials that may help address this pressing public health problem for aging populations.

Sarcopenia: bases biológicas

Speciically, decreased muscle mass can be considered as the end point of sarcopenia during aging, as a substantial reorganization of the neuromuscular system and of the central nervous system, which contributes to function loss in geriatric patients.

New Strategies to Fight against Sarcopenia at Old Age

The focus of this special issue is to determine new strategies to fight against sarcopenia in old age. Aging is associated with a progressive loss of muscle mass and strength, a process called

Sarcopenia in older people

Currently, nutritional supplementation and physical therapy are the strategies advocated for the management of sarcopenia once it is diagnosed and there is an emphasis on early screening, as it is believed that early detection will allow early intervention.

The etiology and exercise implications of sarcopenia in the elderly

The impact of sarcopenia, which refers to the loss of muscle mass and the decline of muscle quality with increased age, on the mobility and independence of the elderly is explored and the physiological causes of sarc Openia are discussed.

Sarcopenia en la pérdida funcional: rol del ejercicio

Exercise has been shown to increase strength, aerobic capacity, and muscle protein synthesis, in both young and older people, however, exercise does not reverse all age - related changes, but is a strong tool for maintain the autonomy.

The developmental origins of sarcopenia: from epidemiological evidence to underlying mechanisms.

The next stage is to translate the understanding of mechanisms from animal muscle to human muscle enabling progress to be made not only in earlier identification of individuals at risk of sarcopenia but also in the development of beneficial interventions across the life course.