Sarcoidosis as a rare cause for symmetrical giant bullous disease


BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis presents with typical clinic-radiological findings and shows histologically non-caseating granulomas. Pulmonary manifestations of sarcoidosis can be diverse, involving the intrathoracic lymph nodes and pulmonary parenchyma. CASE PRESENTATION We here describe a case of a 35-year-old patient who presented with a history of exertion dyspnoea and coughing for the past 20 years. At the age of 15, she was exposed to smoke emanating from a fire. Later, she had exposure to mold for two years, and during her childhood, she had animals such as a cockatiel, dog, cat, gecko, and turtle. Computed tomography of the chest revealed symmetrical apical giant bullous lesions. Histology of the resected bullae showed prominent peribronchial fibrosis with non-necrotizing, non-caseating granulomas and collaps of pulmonary lobules adjacent to the bulla. The absence of granulomatous infection and a markedly elevated CD4:CD8 ratio in bronchoalveolar lavage analysis suggested that the underlying process was sarcoidosis. CONCLUSION In very rare cases, sarcoidosis can be associated with bilateral symmetrical apical giant bullous disease due to fibrotic and granulomatous changes resulting in a restriction of lung tissue.

DOI: 10.1186/s12890-017-0429-z

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@inproceedings{Jungraithmayr2017SarcoidosisAA, title={Sarcoidosis as a rare cause for symmetrical giant bullous disease}, author={Wolfgang Jungraithmayr and Elisa Leggeri and Walter Weder and Bart Vrugt}, booktitle={BMC pulmonary medicine}, year={2017} }