Sanskrit and Sanskritization

  title={Sanskrit and Sanskritization},
  author={J. F. Staal},
  journal={The Journal of Asian Studies},
  pages={261 - 275}
  • J. Staal
  • Published 1 May 1963
  • Linguistics
  • The Journal of Asian Studies
Language, culture, and society can be studied from various points of view. Classical Indology and Indian anthropology have different points of departure, but deal sometimes with the same material; the difference in background has generally prevented close collaboration. Classical Indologists tend to look upon Indian anthropologists as mainly interested in almost inaccessible hill tribes, in village superstition, and sometimes in contemporary affairs; moreover a synchronistic bias in methodology… 

The Hindu Renaissance and its Apologetic Patterns

  • A. Bharati
  • Sociology
    The Journal of Asian Studies
  • 1970
An anthropological and linguistic analysis of the idiom of modern Hindu religious specialists and their followers, an audience which embraces all English speaking Indians and a large segment of the

Sanskritization: The career of an anthropological theory

The paper sketches the origins and development of one of the most widely influential of anthropological contributions to thinking about Indian society, 'Sanskritization', tracing its sources and its

Sanskritization and Indian Ethnicity in Malaysia

M. N. Srinivas (1952) first introduced the concept of ‘Sanskritization’ for describing cultural and social change among the Coorgs of South India. More specifically, the term was used to explain the

‘Sanskritization’ and Social Change in India

T H E term 'Sanskritization' was first used by Srinivas in his study of the Coorgs of South India, although the origin of the concept could be traced to his earlier work, Marriage and Family in

Local jatis and pan-Indian caste

In sociology and in the wider academia, caste is regarded as the basic unit of the Indian society. Yet, this academic notion of caste, I argue, had emerged only in the late 19th century in the course


At first glance, it appears obvious that the religious traditions of the world have scriptures. Virtually all of the major traditions, and many of the minor, have produced written documents, and the

Jhirī: A ‘Sanskrit-speaking’ Village in Madhya Pradesh

Abstract Some scholars consider Sanskrit (ISO 639-3 SAN) to be a “dead” or moribund language. However, Sanskrit has survived as a post-vernacular, second language (L2) for millennia. This is due to

Material culture as proxy for language : the Himalayan evidence *

The enquiry begins with the Lower Palaeolithic, where stone tools fashioned by the authors' remote ancestors are the earliest surviving components of material culture and can be invoked in studying language origin and evolution.

Narrated in Doti ( Far Western Nepal ) and Uttarakhand ( India ) : Text and context

Introduction Based on the testimony of inscriptions (the earliest dating back to the 4th century AD), literary accounts, and local traditions it may be suggested that Far Western Nepal and

Problematizing Received Categories

In this article, the author's objective is to problematize a number of categories that constitute the intellectual heritage of students of Hinduism. Social science approaches to analysing Indian



Shamanism in South India

F ROM THE VIEWPOINT of the anthropologist all too little of the voluminous writings on Hinduism describes what is often called popular Hinduism as opposed to the epic and philosophic Sanskritic

The Social Organization of Tradition

Out of that anthropology which rested on studies of isolated primitive or tribal peoples arose the concept, “a culture.” The Andamanese had a culture, the Trobrianders, the Aranda of Australia, and

A Note on Sanskritization and Westernization

The concept of “Sanskritization” was found useful by me in the analysis of the social and religious life of the Coorgs of South India. A few other anthropologists who are making studies of tribal and

The Wonder That Was India

  • A. L. Basham
  • Political Science
    The Journal of Asian Studies
  • 1957
Lord Birdwood) have shared his opinion. However, in equal fairness to the Commission, it should be stated that these ambiguities were inevitable because at the time the Commission passed its

Religion and society among the Coorgs of South India

This is the late M.N. Srinivas' classic work on the religion and religious practices among the Coorgs in South India based on intensive field work. The author investigates the relationship between

Wörterbuch zum Rig-Veda

Even after more than 120 years of its publication in Leipzig in 1873, this book remained one of the most important tools for anyone who wishes to study the oldest Indian text in the original. It is