Sandwiched long-period gratings for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature

Abstract

A simultaneous measurement of external refractive-index (RI) and temperature is presented by using a sandwiched structure of long-period gratings (LPGs). An LPG pair with codirectional coupling between the guided mode and a low-order cladding mode acts as a temperature sensor with low RI sensitivity, whereas another in-between LPG which couples the guided… (More)

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