Sanctuary Policies and City-Level Incidents of Violence, 1990 to 2010

  title={Sanctuary Policies and City-Level Incidents of Violence, 1990 to 2010},
  author={Ricardo D. Mart{\'i}nez-Schuldt and Daniel E. Mart{\'i}nez},
  journal={Justice Quarterly},
  pages={567 - 593}
Despite media coverage of isolated incidents of violent crime perpetuated by undocumented immigrants in cities with sanctuary policies, there is scant systematic research on the relationships between the adoption of sanctuary policies, unauthorized immigration, and crime. We compile city-level data from official sources and use fixed-effects negative binomial regression to examine whether the adoption of city-level sanctuary policies and the concentration of unauthorized Mexican immigrants are… 

Immigrant Sanctuary Policies and Crime-Reporting Behavior: A Multilevel Analysis of Reports of Crime Victimization to Law Enforcement, 1980 to 2004

Sanctuary jurisdictions have existed in the United States since the 1980s. They have recently reentered U.S. politics and engendered contentious debates regarding their legality and influence on

Sanctuary Cities and Crime

  • Y. Otsu
  • Law
    SSRN Electronic Journal
  • 2019
A sanctuary policy is a policy that inhibits local law enforcement from cooperating with immigration authorities. Sanctuary policies have gained more attention in recent U.S. policy debates.

Public Opposition to Sanctuary Cities in Texas: Criminal Threat or Immigration Threat?*

Sanctuary city policies forbid local officials and law enforcement from inquiring into residents’ immigration status. In 2017, Texas passed one of the country’s most hostile anti-sanctuary city laws

Immigration Policies and Access to the Justice System: The Effect of Enforcement Escalations on Undocumented Immigrants and Their Communities

Does intensifying immigrationenforcement lead to under-reporting of crime among undocumented immigrants and their communities? We empirically test the claims of activists and legal advocates that the

“Murderers, Rapists, and Bad Hombres”: Deconstructing the Immigration-Crime Myths

ABSTRACT Immigration control is at the center of the political debate and it is an important component of the Trump administration agenda. Restrictive immigration policies have expanded under the

Sanctuary Status and Crime in California: What’s the Connection?

Abstract In 2017, California officially became a sanctuary state following the passage of Senate Bill 54, which limits state and local police cooperation with federal immigration authorities.

Immigration, Sanctuary Policies, and Public Safety

US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detainers—the requests from ICE to a state or local law enforcement agency to hold someone until the person can be taken into immigration custody—have

The Relationship Between Immigration Enforcement and Educational Attainment: The Role of Sanctuary Policies

This study explores the association between sanctuary policies and the high school completion and college enrollment of Hispanic undocumented youth. Sanctuary policies, which city, county, and/or

Family Matters: Claiming Rights across the US-Mexico Migratory System

An administrative database of the Department of Legal Protection of the Mexican consular network that documents migrant legal claims resulting from family separation, along with findings from 21 interviews with consular staff and community organizations in three consular jurisdictions are analyzed to investigate the sociolegal processes of claims.



The Politics of Refuge: Sanctuary Cities, Crime, and Undocumented Immigration

This article assesses the claim that sanctuary cities—defined as cities that expressly forbid city officials or police departments from inquiring into an individual’s immigration status—are


Emerging research associated with the “immigration revitalization” perspective suggests that immigration has been labeled inaccurately as a cause of crime in contemporary society. In fact, crime

Re-examining the relationship between Latino immigration and racial/ethnic violence.

The Criminalization of Immigration in the United States

For more than a century, innumerable studies have confirmed two simple yet powerful truths about the relationship between immigration and crime: immigrants are less likely to commit serious crimes or

Immigration and the Changing Nature of Homicide in US Cities, 1980–2010

ObjectivesPrevious research has neglected to consider whether trends in immigration are related to changes in the nature of homicide. This is important because there is considerable variability in

Immigration Enforcement, Policing, and Crime

Research Summary In 2008, the federal government introduced “Secure Communities,” a program that requires local law enforcement agencies to share arrestee information with federal immigration

"Sanctuary Cities": Legal Issues

Controversy has arisen over the existence of so-called " sanctuary cities. " The term " sanctuary city " is not defined by federal law, but it is often used to refer to those localities which, as a

Immigration and Crime: Assessing a Contentious Issue

Are immigration and crime related? This review addresses this question in order to build a deeper understanding of the immigration-crime relationship. We synthesize the recent generation (1994 to

Federalism, Deportation and Crime Victims Afraid to Call the Police

The article analyzes the federal versus local struggle over deportation's deterrent effect on crime reporting by unauthorized aliens. There are now 11.1 million unauthorized aliens in the U.S.,

Why are Immigrants&Apos; Incarceration Rates so Low? Evidence on Selective Immigration, Deterrence, and Deportation

The perception that immigration adversely affects crime rates led to legislation in the 1990s that particularly increased punishment of criminal aliens. In fact, immigrants have much lower