Sanctions, War, Occupation and the De-Development of Education in Iraq

  title={Sanctions, War, Occupation and the De-Development of Education in Iraq},
  author={Agust{\'i}n Velloso de Santisteban},
  journal={International Review of Education},
In August 1990, the United Nations Security Council imposed economic sanctions on Iraq. These ended in May 2003. Ever since that same month, in which the war launched by Coalition Forces against Iraq ended, the country has been under occupation. The education system, one of the best in the Arab world 15 years ago, has been seriously affected by both the sanctions and the war. The present study explores how these factors have reversed previous educational achievements and rendered the education… 

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