• Corpus ID: 156065281

Sanctioning Freedoms: U.S. Sanctions Against Iran Affecting Information and Communications Technology Companies

@article{Mehta2015SanctioningFU,
  title={Sanctioning Freedoms: U.S. Sanctions Against Iran Affecting Information and Communications Technology Companies},
  author={Pinky Mehta},
  journal={University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law},
  year={2015},
  volume={37},
  pages={763}
}
  • P. Mehta
  • Published 2015
  • Education
  • University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law
* University of Pennsylvania Law School, J.D., 2015; Haverford College, B.A. in Political Science with a minor in Economics, 2009. I would like to thank my family and friends for their guidance and support. Thank you to all the practitioners and scholars who spoke with me about this topic and informed my thinking. Additional gratitude is due to the editorial staff for their diligence. The usual caveats apply. 
Authoritarian Practices in the Digital Age| Transforming Threats to Power: The International Politics of Authoritarian Internet Control in Iran
Authoritarian Internet control is generally explained by domestic power preservation: to curtail dissent within their borders, authoritarian regimes censor, monitor, and shape online communications.

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TLDR
This chapter explores whether the efficiencies gained through an open call for monitoring and reporting abuses provides a net gain for human rights monitoring and analyzes the opportunities and challenges that new and traditional methods pose for verifying crowdsourced human rights reporting.
site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=10061 (posting a letter from the National Iranian American Council and twenty-eight other organizations warning key Senate members against additional sanctions)
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Just Host shut down Mehdi Karoubi's website, telling him that the company could no longer host his website www.karroubi.ir. The company cited U.S. sanctions laws for the action, stating
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permitting Internet-based personal communication services under the sanctions regime against Syria
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explaining the difficulties suffered by Iran because of sanctions imposed by the United States and the European Union)
    authorizing personal communication software that is not fee-based in the Crimea region of Ukraine). See also Danielle Kehl
    • Government Authorizes the Export of Internet-based Communications Tools to Crimea, NEW AM. FOUND
    Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act § 101, 126 Stat
      Sudanese Sanctions Regulations
      • C.F.R. §
      • 2015
      See supra Part 3.2 for an analysis of ICT tools that are unavailable or have only been made available on a limited basis
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