Sampling effort and parasite species richness.

  title={Sampling effort and parasite species richness.},
  author={Bruno Andreas Walther and Peter Cotgreave and Roger D. Price and Richard D. Gregory and Dale H. Clayton},
  journal={Parasitology today},
  volume={11 8},
Evaluation of species richness estimators in studies of diversity involving two larval digenean communities parasitizing snail hosts
The results obtained from the comparison between the minimum sample sizes estimated in previous studies of both snail hosts and those suggested by the estimators also support the use of species richness estimators as methods to calculate theminimum sample size in studies of diversity.
Comparison of three estimators of species richness in parasite component communities.
  • R. Poulin
  • Environmental Science
    The Journal of parasitology
  • 1998
3 nonparametric estimators of species richness were tested and it was found that the bootstrap estimator provides a better, but conservative, estimate of true richness than observed richness and should be used to correct for inadequate host sampling.
Parasite richness/sampling effort/host range: the fancy three-piece jigsaw puzzle.
An alternative explanation for the confounding effects of host geographical range and sampling effort on parasite species richness using pathway analysis procedure is proposed, suggesting that much of the species richness revealed by sampling effort is also a reflection of host range.
Parasite richness/sampling effort/host range: the fancy three-piece jigsaw puzzle.
(macro-) Evolutionary ecology of parasite diversity: From determinants of parasite species richness to host diversification
  • S. Morand
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    International journal for parasitology. Parasites and wildlife
  • 2015
The decay of similarity with geographical distance in parasite communities of vertebrate hosts
Rates of distance decay in similarity of parasite communities were compared between populations of fish and mammal hosts, which differ with respect to their vagility and potential to disperse parasite species over large distances.
Insularity effects on the assemblage of the blood parasite community of the birds from the Gulf of Guinea
Lower species diversity, increased population densities and ecological niche enlargement are common characteristics of island faunas. However, it remains to be determined if they extend to the
Species richness estimation of bird communities: how to control for sampling effort?
Seven non-parametric and 12 accumulation curve methods that have been used recently in the ecological literature are presented and the practical use may greatly increase the ability to answer ecological questions and to guide conservation decisions, especially for species-rich tropical bird communities.
Host introductions and the geography of parasite taxonomic diversity
Aim  Geographical variation in parasite diversity is examined among populations of fish in their original heartland and in areas where they have been introduced. The diversity in heartland and
Quantifying biodiversity: procedures and pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness
A series of common pitfalls in quantifying and comparing taxon richness are surveyed, including category‐subcategory ratios (species-to-genus and species-toindividual ratios) and rarefaction methods, which allow for meaningful standardization and comparison of datasets.


Parasites and Host Geographic Range as Illustrated by Waterfowl
A positive relationship between the number of helminth parasite species per host and host species geographic range in Holarctic waterfowl is described.
Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement
  • A. Magurran
  • Environmental Science
    Springer Netherlands
  • 1988
Definitions of diversity. Measuring species diversity. Choosing an index and interpreting diversity measures. Sampling problems. Structural diversity. Applications of diversity measures. Summary.
Randomness, Area, and Species Richness
Analysis of censuses of breeding birds on islands in Pymatuning Lake, a reservoir at the Pennsylvania-Ohio border, yields the conclusion that for these islands the variation of the number of resident avian species with island size is that which one would expect if the birds were distributed randomly.
The Estimation of Species Richness by Extrapolation
Numerous methods have been proposed for estimating the number of species, or species richness (SR) in a community. Most methods assume taxa are sampled as "individuals" (e.g., Fisher et al. 1943,
On the use of some methods for the estimation of species richness
The performance of three methods for the estimation of species richness are tested using computer simulations, and Stout and Vandermeer's method shows the worst performance as it is strongly affected by aggregation and total species richness.
Host plants and animals and the parasite species which attack them have recently been shown to conform to the species-area relation consistent with the theory of island biogeography, and it is suggested that parasite species richness asymptotically approaches an upper limit established mainly by host "island" size.
Parasite communities: patterns and processes.
1 Patterns and processes in helminth parasite communities: an overview.- 2 Host populations as resources defining parasite community organization.- 3 Spatial scale and the processes structuring a
Species Number and Compositional Similarity of the Galapagos Flora and Avifauna
The flora and avifauna of the Galapagos Islands are used to reexamine quantitative analyses of species numbers and compositional similarities and it is shown that the number of botanical collecting trips is a better predictor of speciesNumbers than are area, elevation, or isolation.
The Use of Species Accumulation Functions for the Prediction of Species Richness
We develop a stochastic theory of the accumulation of new species in faunistic or floristic inventories. Differential equations for the expected list size and its variance as a function of the time
Hosts as Islands
Causal mechanisms include the correlation of island area with habitat diversity, and sampling artifact if the number of samples is correlated with island size, as well as the immigration-extinction equilibrium theory (see Connor and McCoy 1979 for review of these hypotheses).