Sample-Selection Bias and Height Trends in the Nineteenth-Century United States

  title={Sample-Selection Bias and Height Trends in the Nineteenth-Century United States},
  author={Ari Zimran},
  journal={The Journal of Economic History},
  pages={99 - 138}
  • A. Zimran
  • Published 1 July 2018
  • Economics
  • The Journal of Economic History
After adjusting for sample-selection bias, I find a net decline in average stature of 0.64 inches in the birth cohorts of 1832–1860 in the United States. This result supports the veracity of the Antebellum Puzzle—a deterioration of health during early modern economic growth in the United States. However, this adjustment alters the trend in average stature in the same cohort range, validating concerns over bias in the historical heights literature. The adjustment is based on census-linked… 

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