Same or Different? Clarifying the Relationship of Need for Cognition to Personality and Intelligence

@article{Fleischhauer2010SameOD,
  title={Same or Different? Clarifying the Relationship of Need for Cognition to Personality and Intelligence},
  author={Monika Fleischhauer and S{\"o}ren Enge and Burkhard Brocke and Johannes Ullrich and Alexander Strobel and Anja Strobel},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={2010},
  volume={36},
  pages={82 - 96}
}
Need for cognition (NFC) refers to an individual’s tendency to engage in and enjoy effortful cognitive processing. So far, little attention has been paid to a systematic evaluation of the distinctiveness of NFC from traits with similar conceptualization and from intelligence. The present research contributes to filling this gap by examining the relation of NFC to well-established personality concepts (Study 1) and to a comprehensive measure of intelligence in a sample with broad educational… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Need for Cognition Its Dimensionality and Personality and Intelligence Correlates
The relationship between need for cognition (NFC) and measures of both personality and intelligence was investigated. Study 1 (N = 195) addressed recent concerns over item-polarity effects in NFC
Assessing Implicit Cognitive Motivation: Developing and Testing An Implicit Association Test to Measure Need for Cognition
The personality trait need for cognition (NFC) refers to individual differences in cognitive motivation and has proven to be an extraordinarily useful descriptor and predictor in the context of
No relation of Need for Cognition to basic executive functions.
TLDR
Two studies add to more recent findings that shape the understanding of NFC as a trait that is less characterized by increased cognitive control abilities but rather by increased willingness to invest effort and exert self-control via motivational processes.
A Need for Cognition Scale for Children and Adolescents: Structural Analysis and Measurement Invariance
Need for Cognition (NFC) signifies “the tendency for an individual to engage in and enjoy thinking” (Cacioppo & Petty, 1982, p. 116). Up to now, no scale of sufficient psychometric quality existed to
Directly and Indirectly Assessed Need for Cognition Differentially Predict Spontaneous and Reflective Information Processing Behavior
Need for Cognition (NFC) refers to individual differences in intrinsic cognitive motivation and has been proven to be an important trait factor modulating the extent of information processing in
Cognitive Investments in Academic Success: The Role of Need for Cognition at University
TLDR
It is clearly indicates that NFC broadly contributes to the mastery of academic requirements and that it is worthwhile to intensify research on NFC in the context of tertiary education.
Need for Cognition Is Positively Related to Promotion Focus and Negatively Related to Prevention Focus
TLDR
In a large sample, it is found NCS to be related positively to GRFM promotion and negatively toGRFM prevention scores, suggesting mutual ties with behavioral inhibition system/behavioral activation system, intrinsic motivation, openness, and creativity.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 69 REFERENCES
The need for cognition.
Four studies are reported in which a scale to assess the need for cognition (i.e., the tendency for an individual to engage in and enjoy thinking) was developed and validated. In Study 1 a pool of
Neurophysiological Measures of Involuntary and Voluntary Attention Allocation and Dispositional Differences in Need for Cognition
TLDR
These findings provide first evidence for neurophysiological correlates of NFC and can improve the understanding of NFC-specific processing.
Need for Cognition in the Big-Five Factor Structure
Abstract The short Need for Cognition Scale (Cacioppo, Petty, & Kao, 1984) and the NEO-FFI (Costa & McCrae, 1992) were completed by 85 undergraduates to investigate the relationship between need for
Dispositional Differences in Cognitive Motivation : The Life and Times of Individuals Varying in Need for Cognition
Need for cognition in contemporary literature refers to an individual's tendency to engage in and enjoy effortful cognitive endeavors. Individual differences in need for cognition have been the focus
Individual differences in need for cognitive closure.
TLDR
The present findings suggest that the Need for Closure Scale is a reliable and valid instrument of considerable potential utility in future "motivated social cognition" research.
Curiosity and Need for Cognition
The present study hypothesized that individuals' need for cognition, which describes the dispositional tendency to engage in and enjoy thinking, would be related to questionnaire measures of
The convergent and discriminant validity of the Need for Cognition Scale.
  • T. Osberg
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 1987
TLDR
Using samples of college students and prison inmates, need for cognition scores were found to be positively associated with measures of self-esteem, masculine sex role attitudes, absorption, and private self-consciousness and Modest negative associations betweenneed for cognition and measures of public self- Consciousness and social anxiety were uncovered.
Intelligence, personality, and interests: evidence for overlapping traits.
TLDR
The authors provide an extensive meta-analysis of personality-int intellectual ability correlations, and a review of interest-intellectual ability associations that provide evidence for communality across the domains of personality of J. L. Holland's (1959) model of vocational interests.
...
...