Salt Tolerance in Apple Seedlings is Affected by an Inhibitor of ABA 8′-Hydroxylase CYP707A

Abstract

The effects of an ABA 8′-hydroxylase inhibitor, (±)abscinazole-E2B (Abz-E2B), were examined in “Fuji” apple seedlings exposed to sodium chloride (NaCl). Water potential, stomata aperture, and endogenous ABA, proline, and sodium (Na+) levels were analyzed, along with expression of the 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxigenase (MdNCED) and ABA 8′-hydroxylase (MdCYP707A) genes. Water potential and stomatal aperture in the leaves treated with Abz-E2B and NaCl (Abz-E2B+NaCl+ group) were lower than those in the untreated controls, but remained higher than those in the leaves treated with NaCl alone (Abz-E2B−NaCl+ group). Endogenous ABA levels were higher in the Abz-E2B+NaCl+ leaves at 4 days after treatment, whereas those in the Abz-E2B−NaCl+ leaves increased with time and peaked at 12 days after treatment. Expressions of the MdNCED1 and MdNCED2 genes remained lower in Abz-E2B+NaCl+ compared with Abz-E2B−NaCl+ leaves, especially at 12 days after treatment. Proline levels increased sharply at 100-mM NaCl, and Na+ levels increased with time. The Na+ concentrations in the Abz-E2B−NaCl+ leaves increased fourfold compared to those in the Abz-E2B+NaCl+ leaves. The expressions of MdCYP707A1 and MdCYP707A2 were higher in Abz-E2B+NaCl+ at 4 days, but declined at 12 days. The present data suggest that the increased endogenous ABA during the early stages of Fuji apple cultivation under salinity-stress conditions might be a good approach to prevent long-lasting damage and allow plants to recover.

DOI: 10.1007/s00344-017-9665-y

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Cite this paper

@article{Sales2017SaltTI, title={Salt Tolerance in Apple Seedlings is Affected by an Inhibitor of ABA 8′-Hydroxylase CYP707A}, author={Luciana Sales and Hitoshi Ohara and Katsuya Ohkawa and Takanori Saito and Yasushi Todoroki and Varit Srilaong and Satoru Kondo}, journal={Journal of Plant Growth Regulation}, year={2017}, volume={36}, pages={643-650} }