Salmon, Science, and Reciprocity on the Northwest Coast

  title={Salmon, Science, and Reciprocity on the Northwest Coast},
  author={D. Bruce Johnsen},
  journal={Natural Resources Law \& Policy eJournal},
  • D. Johnsen
  • Published 29 December 2009
  • Environmental Science
  • Natural Resources Law & Policy eJournal
Severe depletion of many genetically distinct Pacific salmon populations has spawned a contentious debate over causation and the efficacy of proposed solutions. No doubt the precipitating factor was overharvesting of the commons beginning along the Northwest Coast around 1860. Yet, for millenia before that, a relatively dense population of Indian tribes managed salmon stocks that have since been characterized as "superabundant." This study investigates how they avoided a tragedy of the commons… 
Extirpation and Tribal Reintroduction of Coho Salmon to the Interior Columbia River Basin
In the mid-1990s, fishery agencies of the Columbia River Treaty tribes spearheaded efforts to reestablish the extirpated Coho Salmon, beginning in the Yakima, Wenatchee, Methow, and Clearwater rivers.
Investigating Cowichan River collaborative salmon management institutions : The Cowichan harvest roundtable and the traditional Cowichan fish weir
The structure of fisheries management institutions is changing all over the world, due in part to issues of sustainability related to exhaustion of resources, fiscal responsibilities, and the
The Privilege to Fish
INTRODUCTION Fisheries management has failed to stop overfishing. Private individuals and enterprises that use public fishery resources are subject to legal obligations and harvest rules, though
Fishful Thinking: Rhetoric, Reality, and the Sea Before Us
Fisheries science and management have been shrouded in controversy and rhetoric for over 125 yrs. Human reliance on fish through history (and even prehistory) has impacted the sea and its resources.
Fish commoditization and the historical origins of catching fish for profit
To sustain global fisheries, decommoditization strategies that sustain human and ecosystem relationships with fish beyond their commodity value are needed.
Indigenous Systems of Management for Culturally and Ecologically Resilient Pacific Salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) Fisheries
It is suggested that revitalizing traditional systems of salmon management can improve prospects for sustainable fisheries and healthy fishing communities and identify opportunities for their resurgence.
Ecologically sustainable but unjust? Negotiating equity and authority in common-pool marine resource management
Under appropriate conditions, community-based fisheries management can support sound resource stewardship, with positive social and environmental outcomes. Evaluating indigenous peoples’ involvement
The ethical dimensions of fisheries
Who is right to fish? Evolving a social contract for ethical fisheries.
Most debates on government fisheries management, focusing on dramatic fishery collapses, have skirted the ethical dimension implicit in the exploitation, for private gain, of fishery resources that


Can Science Rescue Salmon?
PORTLAND, OREGON-- At a press conference on 27 July, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) released a long-awaited plan to save the Columbia River9s endangered salmon by restoring fish
Why fishing magnifies fluctuations in fish abundance
In California Current fisheries, increased temporal variability in the population does not arise from variable exploitation, nor does it reflect direct environmental tracking, but arises from increased instability in dynamics.
Resilience, Reciprocity and Ecological Economics: Northwest Coast Sustainability
1. Sustainability Needs Tested Ideas from the Pacific Northwest 2. Why it is So Difficult to Learn from Aboriginal North America 3. A Partial Policy Framework Already Exists 4. Gifts: Indian Giving
Recovery and management options for spring/summer chinook salmon in the Columbia River basin.
It is found that even if main stem survival were elevated to 100%, Snake River spring/summer chinook salmon would probably continue to decline toward extinction and modest reductions in first-year mortality or estuarine mortality would reverse current population declines.
Fish, Law, and Colonialism: The Legal Capture of Salmon in British Columbia
An engrossing history, Fish, Law, and Colonialism recounts the human conflict over fish and fishing in British Columbia and of how that conflict was shaped by law. Pacific salmon fisheries, owned and
Dam breaching and chinook salmon recovery.
The Report by Kareiva et al. on recovery and management options for spring/summer chinook salmon (1) has the potential to have a major impact in deciding whether to breach dams on the Snake River.
Revisiting the commons: local lessons, global challenges.
New insights about the management of large-scale resources that depend on international cooperation and the conditions most likely to favor sustainable uses of common-pool resources are discussed.
Can Catch Shares Prevent Fisheries Collapse?
A global database of fisheries institutions and catch statistics in 11,135 fisheries from 1950 to 2003 is compiled to test whether catch-share fishery reforms achieve hypothetical benefits and halt, and even reverses, the global trend toward widespread collapse.
Ritual Management of Salmonid Fish Resources in California
Ethnographers at times are more concerned with reporting data than interpreting them. As a result, ethnographies often have the appearance of being little more than collections of facts organized by
Rapid evolution of reproductive isolation in the wild: evidence from introduced salmon.
Evidence for the evolution of reproductive isolation after fewer than 13 generations is found between two adjacent salmon populations of a common ancestry that colonized divergent reproductive environments (a river and a lake beach).