Salivary cortisol lower in posttraumatic stress disorder.

  title={Salivary cortisol lower in posttraumatic stress disorder.},
  author={Helan{\'e} Wahbeh and Barry S Oken},
  journal={Journal of traumatic stress},
  volume={26 2},
Altered cortisol has been demonstrated to be lower in those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in most studies. This cross-sectional study evaluated salivary cortisol at waking and 30 minutes after, and at bedtime in 51 combat veterans with PTSD compared to 20 veterans without PTSD. It also examined the relationship of cortisol to PTSD symptoms using 2 classifications: the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) and… CONTINUE READING
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