Salivary Proteins as a Defense Against Dietary Tannins

@article{Shimada2006SalivaryPA,
  title={Salivary Proteins as a Defense Against Dietary Tannins},
  author={Takuya Shimada},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
  year={2006},
  volume={32},
  pages={1149-1163}
}
  • T. Shimada
  • Published 23 May 2006
  • Environmental Science
  • Journal of Chemical Ecology
Tannins, a diverse group of water-soluble phenolics with high affinity to proteins, are widely distributed in various parts of plants, and have negative effects in herbivores after ingestion. Some mammalian species are thought to counteract tannins by secreting tannin-binding salivary proteins (TBSPs). Several types of TBSPs are found in the saliva of laboratory animals, livestock, and wildlife. Among them, proline-rich proteins (PRPs) and histatins are effective precipitators of tannins. It is… 
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The results indicate that wood mice can mitigate the negative effects of tannins by acclimation, and path analysis revealed that increased secretion of PRPs and abundance of Lactobacillus type of TPB might explain the acclimations to tannin.
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