Salivary Gland Tumors in Nigerian Patients – a 10 year review

  • Folasire, Ntekim AI
  • Published 2016

Abstract

Objective: This study was carried out to examine the pattern and treatment outcomes of salivary gland tumors in Nigerian patients attending Radiotherapy clinic at the University College Hospital, Ibadan. Methodology: Retrospective review of clinical records of patients with salivary gland tumors seen in the Department of Radiotherapy UCH Ibadan, from 2001-2010 was done. Information collected included bio data, tumor site histology, degree of differentiation, and survival among others. Results: 108 cases of histologically diagnosed salivary gland tumors were recorded in the department in a 10 year period. The commonest recorded presenting complaint was facial swelling seen in all the 108 patients. Mucoepidermoid was the most common histological type in 40 (37.0%) of the cases. Social habits such as tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption did not have any strong association with development of these tumors. The stage at presentation, histology and grading were found to be of prognostic significance. Conclusion: This study shows that salivary gland tumors are not common in our environment; almost 50% of the patients presenting with locally advanced, fungating disease, usually inoperable and treatment intent is more of palliation. A high index of suspicion by the primary physician is required to improve early detection and treatment. There is a need for establishment of multidisciplinary tumor board for ease of referral and management of these patients for better control.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Folasire2016SalivaryGT, title={Salivary Gland Tumors in Nigerian Patients – a 10 year review}, author={Folasire and Ntekim AI}, year={2016} }