Salinity stress alleviation using arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. A review

  title={Salinity stress alleviation using arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. A review},
  author={Rosa Porcel and Ricardo Aroca and Juan Manuel Ruiz-Lozano},
  journal={Agronomy for Sustainable Development},
Salinity is one of the most severe environmental stress as it decreases crop production of more than 20% of irrigated land worldwide. Hence, it is important to develop salt-tolerant crops. Understanding the mechanisms that enable plant growth under saline conditions is therefore required. Acclimation of plants to salinized conditions depends upon activation of cascades of molecular networks involved in stress sensing, signal transduction, and the expression of specific stress-related genes and… 
Salinity Stress and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Plants
The chapter will throw light on the use of AM fungal association in alleviating salt stress in plants and how to exploit this for improved productivity under growth-limited conditions.
Plants Growing Under Salinity Stress Can Be Eased Through Mycorrhizal Association
  • P. Parihar, M. Bora
  • Environmental Science
    Salt Stress, Microbes, and Plant Interactions: Causes and Solution
  • 2019
The mechanism by which mycorrhiza is making plant less stressed under saline conditions is explored, which could be primarily attributed to net increase in photosynthetic efficiency, enhanced nutrient acquisition, root hydraulic conductivity, and stabilization of osmotic balance.
Mitigation of Salinity Stress in Plants by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis: Current Understanding and New Challenges
This review comprehensively covers major research advances on physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms implicated in AM-induced salt stress tolerance in plants and identifies the challenges involved in the application of AM in alleviation of salt stress in plants in order to improve crop productivity.
The Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Alleviation of Salt Stress
This chapter focuses on the mechanisms of the AM fungi, which improve salt tolerance of host plants, including the improved nutrient uptake, maintenance of the K+/Na+ ratio, biochemical changes and physiological changes.
Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis: plant growth improvement and induction of resistance under stressful conditions
The effect of AMF colonization on the host plants at different stages of growth, with comprehensively updated knowledge, their roles, and applications for plant growth enhancement and mycorrhizae role on plant resistance induction and stress management are discussed.
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Alleviate Soil Salinity Stress in Arid and Semiarid Areas
This chapter aims to review the impact of salinity stress on plants and on AMF life cycle and physiology and to describe the effect of AMF biofertilizers on plant development underlying physiological, biochemical, and molecular plant mechanisms within the context of Salinity stress.
Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) in Salinity Tolerance and Growth Response in Plants Under Salt Stress Conditions
Tolerant AMF species can be used as bioinoculant to improve agricultural productivity under salinity stress conditions and promote salinity tolerance in crop plants.
Arbuscular Mycorrhiza : A Versatile Component for Alleviation of Salt Stress
Salt-affected soil is one of the most serious abiotic stress that causes reduced plant growth, development and productivity worldwide. Plants, in their natural environment, are colonized both by
The Mechanisms Involved in Improving the Tolerance of Plants to Salt Stress Using Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi
Salinity is considered as one of the most harming stresses faced by the plant in regard to its survival and productivity. A new biological approach “plant-microbe interaction” such as arbuscular


Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in alleviation of salt stress: a review.
This review gives useful benchmark information for the development and prioritization of future research programmes and identifies certain lesser explored areas such as molecular and ultra-structural changes where further research is needed for better understanding of symbiosis with reference to salt stress.
Alleviation of salt stress by arbuscular-mycorrhizal Glomus species in Lactuca sativa plants
The mechanisms by which these two fungi alleviated salt stress appeared to be based on physiological processes (increased CER, transpiration, stomatal conductance and WUE) rather than on nutrient uptake (N or P).
Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis and alleviation of osmotic stress. New perspectives for molecular studies
This review considers several aspects that should be investigated at a molecular level in order to gain a whole understanding of the different mechanisms by which the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis protects the host plants against the detrimental effects of water deficit.
Mechanisms of high salinity tolerance in plants.
  • N. Tuteja
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Methods in enzymology
  • 2007
Plant responses to drought, salinity and extreme temperatures: towards genetic engineering for stress tolerance
The present review summarizes the recent advances in elucidating stress-response mechanisms and their biotechnological applications and examines the following aspects: regulatory controls, metabolite engineering, ion transport, antioxidants and detoxification, late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) and heat-shock proteins.
Growth of mycorrhizal tomato and mineral acquisition under salt stress
The improved growth and nutrient acquisition in tomato demonstrate the potential of AMF colonization for protecting plants against salt stress in arid and semiarid areas.
How does arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis regulate root hydraulic properties and plasma membrane aquaporins in Phaseolus vulgaris under drought, cold or salinity stresses?
Differential expression of the PIP genes studied under each stress depending on the AM fungal presence may indicate a specific function and regulation by the AM symbiosis of each gene under the specific conditions of each stress tested.
Colonization with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi improves salinity tolerance of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants
AMF may protect plants against salinity by alleviating the salt-induced oxidative stress and improving the net assimilation rates through both elevating stomatal conductance and protecting photochemical processes of PSII againstSalinity.
Effects of Mycorrhizal Colonization and Fertilization on Growth and Photosynthesis of Sweet Basil Under Salt Stress
The differences in growth and photochemical efficiency between inoculated and uninoculated plants under salt stress were significantly reduced by the contemporary presence of additional fertilization, which provided higher tolerance to salinity than one single factor.