Sailors' scurvy before and after James Lind--a reassessment.

  title={Sailors' scurvy before and after James Lind--a reassessment.},
  author={Jeremy Hugh Baron},
  journal={Nutrition reviews},
  volume={67 6},
  • J. H. Baron
  • Published 1 June 2009
  • History
  • Nutrition reviews
Scurvy is a thousand-year-old stereotypical disease characterized by apathy, weakness, easy bruising with tiny or large skin hemorrhages, friable bleeding gums, and swollen legs. Untreated patients may die. In the last five centuries sailors and some ships' doctors used oranges and lemons to cure and prevent scurvy, yet university-trained European physicians with no experience of either the disease or its cure by citrus fruits persisted in reviews of the extensive but conflicting literature. In… 
Who was James Lind, and what exactly did he achieve
  • I. Milne
  • Medicine
    Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • 2012
Visitors to the Edinburgh University quadrangle in Teviot Place, which used to house the Medical School, are unlikely to miss the large plaque put up in 1955 by the Sunkist Growers of Citrus Fruit in
Scurvy—Characteristic Features and Forensic Issues
Scurvy is a multisystem condition that arises from vitamin C deficiency that is still present in high-risk populations that include alcoholics, isolated elderly individuals, food faddists, institutionalized patients, those with mental illness, and those who have had bariatric surgery or with underlying gastrointestinal conditions.
Scurvy in pediatric age group e A disease often forgotten
The role of vitamin C, the various disease manifestations and the treatment of scurvy are recapitulates to create awareness of the disease which still is reported from this country, although sporadically.
Scurvy-related Morbidity and Death among Christopher Columbus' Crew at La Isabela, the First European Town in the New World (1494-1498): An Assessment of the Skeletal and Historical Information
This article explores the living conditions and specifically the possible etiologies of subperiosteal reactions among those seafarers who did not survive Christopher Columbus' second voyage to the
Classic skin findings of scurvy.
'Sixteen Naked Indians': First Contact between the British and the Orang Asli
Abstract:This paper examines a 1592 encounter between the British merchant galleon, the Edward Bonaventure, and a sixteen-man canoe on the coast of the Malay Peninsula. The locals are identified as
Replicability, Reproducibility, and Fragility of Research Findings—Ultimately, Caveat Emptor
The current controversy is explored and the debate surrounding the replicability, reproducibility, and fragility and thus uncertain validity of the research findings published in many clinical and health care journals are contributed to.
No longer a historical ailment: two cases of childhood scurvy with recommendations for bone health providers
Scurvy can no longer be considered a historical diagnosis and should not be forgotten when evaluating children with musculoskeletal ailments with the timely initiation of vitamin C therapy.


Infantile scurvy: the centenary of Barlow's disease.
  • P. Evans
  • History
    British medical journal
  • 1983
"Scurvy" is a folk word that first appeared in the Middle Ages. Later long sea voyages led to the connection of the disease with prolonged exposure and salty foods, as the reference above suggests.
Documenting the evidence: the case of scurvy.
Iain Milne & Iain Chalmers look at how James Lind's 1753 ground-breaking paper entitled "A treatise of the scurvy" helped to change the public health policy of his day and, in turn, improve public
A treatise of the scurvy
It is observable, that, in warm climates, the crews of ships at sea are liable to this malady, when the hot weather, by which the fibres of the body are much relaxed, is succeeded by great and incessant rains usual in these latitudes, or when the season proves very unconstant.
Lind and scurvy: 1747 to 1795.
  • U. Tröhler
  • History
    Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • 2005
Lind’s Treatise of the Scurvy1 is a good illustration of the basis for mid-18th century judgement and decision-making in at least two respects: it quotes the contributions of others at length, and
Putrid gums and 'dead men's cloaths'.
  • A. W. Beasley
  • Medicine
    Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • 2004
Putrid gums and 'dead men's cloaths': James Lind aboard the Salisbury.
  • G. Sutton
  • History
    Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • 2003
The muster roll records almost no sickness aboard until the ship returned to Plymouth in June, which suggests an antisickness official culture, which may have contributed to the neglect of James Lind's work.
Limeys: The True Story of One Man's War Against Ignorance, the Establishment and the Deadly Scurvy
This work is the history of Dr James Lind's efforts to find a cure for scurvy in the face of prejudice and political and establishment antipathy.
James Lind and the cure of scurvy: an experimental approach.
James Lind presented a balanced and carefully reasoned assessment of contemporary ideas regarding the origin, nature and cure of scurvy.
Scurvy: Its Cause
  • W. Oliver
  • Philosophy
    Confederate States medical and surgical journal
  • 1864
Scurvy and the health of European crews in the Indian Ocean in the seventeenth century.
CAPTAIN JAMES COOK is commonly regarded as the pioneer in the use of antiscorbutics to ensure the health of a ship's crew on a long voyage; but there is considerable evidence that in the seventeenth