Safety of ACE inhibitor therapies in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION ACE inhibitors are first-line therapy in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The main adverse effects of ACE inhibitors are hypotension, renal function impairment and hyperkalemia. AREAS COVERED This paper reviews evidence from clinical studies regarding adverse effects of ACE inhibitors in patients with CKD. The safety aspects of ACE… (More)
DOI: 10.1517/14740338.2014.951328