Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review

  title={Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review},
  author={Konstantinos E. Farsalinos and Riccardo Polosa},
  journal={Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety},
  pages={67 - 86}
Electronic cigarettes are a recent development in tobacco harm reduction. They are marketed as less harmful alternatives to smoking. Awareness and use of these devices has grown exponentially in recent years, with millions of people currently using them. This systematic review appraises existing laboratory and clinical research on the potential risks from electronic cigarette use, compared with the well-established devastating effects of smoking tobacco cigarettes. Currently available evidence… 

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