OBJECTIVES To comprehensively evaluate the safety and effectiveness of bleomycin/pingyangmycin-containing chemotherapy for female patients with malignant germ cell tumors in their genital system; to assess the diagnostic value of pulmonary function tests for bleomycin-induced pulmonary toxicity. METHODS Data from a cohort of 120 patients, collected across 25 years, was reviewed. Chemotherapy-related adverse events were routinely monitored. Pulmonary toxicity was diagnosed and graded according to serial pulmonary function testing results, and potential impact factors were explored. Short-term remission probability and long-term prognosis were evaluated. RESULTS Overall, 49.2% of the patients had pulmonary dysfunction, and the majority manifested as diffusion function impairment. A moderate reduction of carbon monoxide diffusion capacity was detected in 45.0% of all patients, and was severe in 3 patients. Thrombocytopenia, renal dysfunction, and accumulating dose of bleomycin/pingyangmycin significantly increased the risk of lung injury (P<0.05). Thorough surgical removal of tumors enhanced both remission and survival rate. Full-dose delivery of bleomycin/pingyangmycin and patients' sensitivity to chemotherapy also improved long-term survival (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS BPT could be sensitively detected and elaborately graded by PFTs, but the appropriate cut-off value for diagnosis needs further investigations. Timely recognition and control of renal dysfunction and thrombocytopenia could avail the patients of the opportunity to complete curative antineopalstic treatment. Prescriptive bleomycin/pingyangmycin-containing chemotherapy after optimal surgical resection could benefit MGCT patients maximally by improving both remission and survival rate.