Safety and Efficacy of Flexible Ureteroscopy in Combination with Holmium Laser Lithotripsy for the Treatment of Bilateral Upper Urinary Tract Calculi.


OBJECTIVE To retrospectively evaluate the safety and efficacy of flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) in combination with holmium laser lithotripsy for the treatment of bilateral upper urinary calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS The stone-free status was defined as the absence of any stones or asymptomatic status, or the presence of clinically insignificant residual… (More)
DOI: 10.1159/000464141