Safety Culture: An Integrative Review

  title={Safety Culture: An Integrative Review},
  author={Douglas A. Wiegmann and Hui Zhang and Terry L. von Thaden and Gunjan Sharma and Alyssa Mitchell Gibbons},
  journal={The International Journal of Aviation Psychology},
  pages={117 - 134}
Recent years have witnessed a growing concern over the issue of safety culture within aviation and other complex, high-risk industries. The purpose of this review is to summarize and integrate the numerous reports and studies that have been conducted to define and assess safety culture as well as the highly related concept of safety climate. Results of the review indicate that few formally documented efforts have been made to assess safety culture within the aviation industry. Furthermore… 
Safety Culture Assessment: A Review Of The Literature
Workplace safety has been historically neglected by organizations in order to enhance profitability. Over the past 30 years, safety concerns and attention to safety have increased due to a series of
A literature review of safety culture.
Workplace safety has been historically neglected by organizations in order to enhance profitability. Over the past 30 years, safety concerns and attention to safety have increased due to a series of
Safety Culture: An Integration of Existing Models and a Framework for Understanding Its Development
It is suggested that safety culture development may depend on employee learning from behavioral outcomes, conducive enabling factors, and consistency over time as well as the dynamic nature of safety culture and specific drivers of its development.
Multilevel safety culture affecting organization safety performance: a system dynamic approach
The results indicate that the safety culture at the tactical level (middle management) and operational level is much more effective than strategic level (top management) in ameliorating the safety performance of the organization.
Safety culture in sea and aviation transport
The research presented in this thesis investigates sea and aviation transport safety culture, with a focus on perceptions and attitudes. A safety culture reflects the attitudes, beliefs, perceptions,
Investigating Factors of Safety Culture Assessment in Construction Industry Projects
Early signs of an organizational commitment to safety policies are manifested in the safety culture in that organization. Improving the safety culture of contractors can reduce occupational accidents
Testing safety commitment in organizations through interpretations of safety artifacts.
The Role of Safety Climate in Predicting Safety Culture on Construction Sites
Abstract Although theory and empirical research on safety climate and safety culture have developed considerably, the relationship between them remains debatable. This paper reports on empirical
Comparing learning culture and safety culture
There is a relationship between learning culture and safety culture, but gauging one does not provide a reliable measure of the other and the hypothesis that factors that indicate a good learning culture might also signify good safety and vice versa is tested.


Safety culture as an ongoing process: Culture surveys as opportunities for enquiry and change
Abstract In their efforts to enhance performance and use resources efficiently the nuclear power industry, along with many other industries, has turned to the improvement of ‘culture’. This paper
Safety culture: philosopher’s stone or man of straw?
Abstract This introductory paper to the special issue on Safety Culture considers some of the key issues relating to the nature, measurement and utility of this concept. It argues that there are many
The structure of employee attitudes to safety: A European example
Abstract This paper concerns organizational safety culture and the structure or architecture of employee attitudes to safety as part of that culture. It begins by reviewing the somewhat scant
Abstract The organizational preconditions to major systems failures are seen as increasingly important for risk management. However, existing empirical attempts to study safety culture and its
Modelling safety climate in the prediction of levels of safety activity
Abstract This study examined the architecture of the relationships between components of organizational safety climate, including employee attitudes to safety issues and perceptions of the work
Safety climate in industrial organizations: theoretical and applied implications.
  • D. Zohar
  • Business
    The Journal of applied psychology
  • 1980
It was shown that there is an agreement among employees' perceptions regarding safety climate in their company and that the level of this climate is correlated with safety program effectiveness as judged by safety inspectors.
Safety Culture and Risk Management in Organizations
The concept of safety culture arose in the aftermath of the Chernobyl disaster. It is argued that safety culture represents a new way of conceptualizing processes of risk handling and management in
Constraints on the Development of Safety Culture: A Preliminary Analysis
Recent developments in the concept of safety culture have ignored some of the background factors which may influence and constrain the development of a positive safety culture, both within
The origins of development work on organisational safety culture is outlined, based on major hazard industries such as aviation and chemical processing, where it is believed lies a critical frontier