Sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence and constipation in adults.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Faecal incontinence (FI) and constipation are both socially-embarrassing and physically-disabling conditions that impair quality of life. For both, surgery may be required in a minority of people when more conservative measures fail. However, the invasiveness and irreversible nature of direct surgery on bowel and sphincter muscles, poor long-term… (More)
DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004464.pub3

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