SYMPATRIC HOST RACE FORMATION AND SPECIATION IN FRUGIVOROUS FLIES OF THE GENUS RHAGOLETIS (DIPTERA, TEPHRITIDAE)

@article{Bush1969SYMPATRICHR,
  title={SYMPATRIC HOST RACE FORMATION AND SPECIATION IN FRUGIVOROUS FLIES OF THE GENUS RHAGOLETIS (DIPTERA, TEPHRITIDAE)},
  author={Guy L. Bush},
  journal={Evolution},
  year={1969},
  volume={23}
}
  • G. Bush
  • Published 1969
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution
The origin and evolution of species and host racesl in certain phytophagous insect groups have long been a source of disagreement among evolutionary biologists. The rapid establishment of new host races by some stenophagous insects on introduced plants, as well as various other aspects of their biology and distribution, has led several biologists to suggest that new host races and species may arise sympatrically (Brues, 1924; Thorpe, 1930; Smith, 1941; Haldane, 1959; Alexander and Bigelow, 1960… Expand
Sympatric Host-Race Formation and Speciation in Rhagoletis (Diptera: Tephritidae): A Tale of Two Species for Charles D.
TLDR
If the plethora of host specialists is due, at least in part, to numerous plant niches that have imposed divergent selection pressures on phytophagous insects, then the relationship between host-plant specialization and reproductive isolation should be considered. Expand
GENETIC DIFFERENTIATION ALONG HOST PLANT LINES IN THE SYMPATRIC ENCHENOPA BINOTATA SAY COMPLEX (HOMOPTERA: MEMBRACIDAE)
TLDR
Insects on a given individual host plant may represent a deme partially isolated from adjacent trees, and Edmunds and Alstad (1978) have demonstrated in scale insects that when these insects are associated with a stable resource such as a large tree, they adapt to the defense system of individual trees. Expand
DIVERGENCE IN THE ENCHENOPA BINOTATA SAY COMPLEX (HOMOPTERA: MEMBRACIDAE) EFFECTED BY HOST PLANT ADAPTATION
  • T. Wood
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1980
TLDR
Evidence from a number of insect groups suggests intraspecific divergence and reproductive isolation may, under some conditions, occur in sympatric populations. Expand
Sympatric Speciation in Phytophagous Parasitic Insects
TLDR
The appearance of new insect pests on economically important plants is a well-known phenomenon, but populations of introduced or native insects are frequently encountered which exhibit different host preferences, but which are morphologically indistinguishable from one another. Expand
Host races in plant-feeding insects and their importance in sympatric speciation.
  • M. Drès, J. Mallet
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 2002
TLDR
This work provides verifiable criteria to distinguish host races from other biotypes, and discusses applications of an understanding of host races in conservation and in managing adaptation by pests to control strategies, including those involving biological control or transgenic parasite-resistant plants. Expand
Genetically differentiated races and speciation-with-gene-flow in the sunflower maggot, Strauzia longipennis
TLDR
Bayesian clustering and neighbor-joining phylogenetic analyses of AFLP data supported the existence of at least three, possibly four, genetic races of Strauzia longipennis, as well as a small number of putative interracial hybrids (cluster IV). Expand
Incipient sympatric speciation via host race formation in Phengaris arion (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
TLDR
The results show that the two phenological forms of P. arion may meet the criteria for host plant races and it is clear that Wolbachia is likely not a driver of sympatric speciation in this case. Expand
ECOLOGICAL AND BEHAVIORAL BASIS FOR REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION IN THE SYMPATRIC ENCHENOPA BINOTATA COMPLEX (HOMOPTERA. MEMBRACIDAE)
TLDR
Past work with the treehopper Enchenopa binotata suggests that this insect diverged along host plant lines into a complex of sympatric reproductively isolated species, and the following hypothesis based on the work of Bush (1975) is suggested. Expand
Lack of Evidence for Reproductive Isolation among Ecologically Specialised Lycaenid Butterflies
1. The evolution of reproductive isolation between recently diverged or incipient species is a critical component of speciation and a major focus of speciation models. In phytophagous insects, hostExpand
Divergent host plant preference causes assortative mating between sympatric host races of the ladybird beetle, Henosepilachna diekei
TLDR
The results suggest that fidelity to the different host plants yields directly almost complete reproductive isolation between the host races by limiting the habitat on the respective host plant. Expand
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The forms which develop in apple, hawthorn and blueberry, were studied extensively from the standpoint of their relations to their hosts and the conclusions reached are that one species Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) is involved and that the female insects show a decided preference to oviposit in the host in which they developed as larvae. Expand
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TLDR
In larvae fed on artificial diet preference to a given host plant can be induced even by a one‐day feeding on it, and it is supposed that the information serving as a basis for the induced feeding habit is stored in the central nervous system. Expand
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The writer compares the Rhagoletis reared from dogwood ( Cornus Amomum Mill.) with the morphologically similar apple maggot from apple and hawthorn. Expand
VISUAL RESPONSES OF APPLE MAGGOT FLIES, RHAGOLETIS POMONELLA (DIPTERA: TEPHRITIDAE): ORCHARD STUDIES
Apple maggot flies, Rhagoletis pomonella, were found to be highly responsive to visual stimuli, with maximum responses dependent upon color, shape, and size characteristics of the stimulus. Each sexExpand
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