SYMBIODINIUM MICROADRIATICUM FREUDENTHAL, S. GOREAUII SP. NOV., S. KAWAGUTII SP. NOV. AND S. PILOSUM SP. NOV.: GYMNODINIOID DINOFLAGELLATE SYMBIONTS OF MARINE INVERTEBRATES 1

@article{Trench1987SYMBIODINIUMMF,
  title={SYMBIODINIUM MICROADRIATICUM FREUDENTHAL, S. GOREAUII SP. NOV., S. KAWAGUTII SP. NOV. AND S. PILOSUM SP. NOV.: GYMNODINIOID DINOFLAGELLATE SYMBIONTS OF MARINE INVERTEBRATES 1},
  author={Robert K. Trench and Rudolf J. Blank},
  journal={Journal of Phycology},
  year={1987},
  volume={23}
}
  • R. Trench, R. Blank
  • Published 1 September 1987
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • Journal of Phycology
The use of several independent biochemical, physiological, morphological, and behavioral assays has resulted in the reassessment of the taxonomy of the gymnodinioid symbionts of marine invertebrates which belong to the genus Symbiodinuim Freudenthal (Dinophyceae). The formal description of the type species S. microadriaticum Freudenthal is augmented, and three new species are introduced; S. goreauii, symbiotic with the Caribbean sea anemone Ragactis lucida; S. kawagutii, harbored by the… 

Gymnodinium linucheae sp. nov.: The dinoflagellate symbiont of the jellyfish Linuche unguiculata

TLDR
The symbiotic alga from the ‘thimble jellyfish’ Linuche unguiculata was isolated and brought into unialgal, axenic culture and represents the first member of this genus to be recognised as a symbiont of a coelenterate (cnidarian).

New species of Clade B Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae) from the greater Caribbean belong to different functional guilds: S. aenigmaticum sp. nov., S. antillogorgium sp. nov., S. endomadracis sp. nov., and S. pseudominutum sp. nov.

TLDR
This work relies on genetic evidence—the only data consistently available among all taxa investigated—to describe four new Clade B Symbiodinium species, which engage in mutualisms with specific cnidarian hosts, but exhibit differences in the ability to culture them in vitro.

Validation and description of Symbiodinium microadriaticum, the type species of Symbiodinium (Dinophyta)

  • T. Lajeunesse
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Journal of phycology
  • 2017
TLDR
A preserved specimen is herein designated the holotype of S. microadriaticum, validating the binomial and Symbiodinium and all binary designations previously considered to belong in Symbiod inium also are validated herein.

Cladocopium infistulum sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), a thermally tolerant dinoflagellate symbiotic with giant clams from the western Pacific Ocean

TLDR
This new species description emphasises the need to formally recognise the high species diversity and corresponding physiological and ecological breadth that encompass Cladocopium.

Brandtodinium gen. nov. and B. nutricula comb. Nov. (Dinophyceae), a dinoflagellate commonly found in symbiosis with polycystine radiolarians

Symbiotic interactions between pelagic hosts and microalgae have received little attention, although they are widespread in the photic layer of the world ocean, where they play a fundamental role in

Taxonomy of symbiotic dinoflagellates associated with Korean anthozoans

TLDR
Three species of endosymbiotic dinoflagellates, zooxanthellae, are investigated from six host species of anthozoans from Korea, finding that Symbiodinium kawagutii is associated with Alveopora japonica, AnthopleuraJaponica and Parasicyonis actino‐stoloides, and Symbiod inium microadiraticum is found inAnthopleura kurogane and parasicyonis sp.

Genetic variation within Symbiodinium clade B from the coral genus Madracis in the Caribbean (Netherlands Antilles)

TLDR
The host specificity between the B13 symbionts and its coral host may be the result of co-evolution of the coral–symbiont association and suggests that the brooding species, M. mirabilis, is reproductively isolated.

Specificity in dinomastigote-marine invertebrate symbioses: An evaluation of hypotheses of mechanisms involved in producing specificity

It is now fairly well recognized that the symbioses between microalgae and invertebrates demonstrate specificity (Trench, 1979, 1987). The realization that specificity existed in such associations

Symbiodinium tridacnidorum sp. nov., a dinoflagellate common to Indo-Pacific giant clams, and a revised morphological description of Symbiodinium microadriaticum Freudenthal, emended Trench & Blank

TLDR
Fixed differences are found in nuclear (internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and large subunit rDNA), chloroplast (cp23S) and mitochondrial (cob) gene sequences from cultured and field-collected samples of Symbiodinium microadriaticum and Symbiod inium sp.
...

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TLDR
As none of the existing genera of free-living or parasitic algae are wholly applicable to this organism, a new genus, Symbiodinium, is proposed and the type species, S. microadriaticum, is described.

Ultrastructure of Symbiodinium microadriaticum (Dinophyceae) symbiotic with Zoanthus sp. (Zoanthidea)

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The ultrastructural features described support the suggestion that there is considerable genetic diversity within what has previously been regarded as a single species, Symbiodinium microadriaticum.

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TLDR
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Nine of 12 tested strains of the zooxanthella Symbiodinium (= Gymnodinium) microadriaticum can initiate symbiotic associations with an aposymbiotic clone of the sea anemone Aiptasia tagetes. The

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TLDR
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SYMBIODINIUM MICROADRIATICUM FREUDENTHAL, A REVISED TAXONOMIC DESCRIPTION, ULTRASTRUCTURE

The ultrastructure of Symbiodinium microadriaticum in vitro and in the type host Condylactis and Casseopeia is described and contrasted with previous observations on symbionts from Anemonia sulcata

Observations on the theca of the motile phase of free-living and symbiotic isolates of Zooxanthella microadriatica (Freudenthal) comb.nov.

A strain of Zooxanthella microadriatica (Freudenthal) comb.nov. has been isolated from decaying Chondrus crispus (L.) Stackh. The ultrastructure of this isolate has been compared to that of Z.

PHAGOTROPHY IN GYMNODINIUM FUNGIFORME (PYRRHOPHYTA): THE PEDUNCLE AS AN ORGANELLE OF INGESTION 1

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  • Biology, Environmental Science
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TLDR
The microtubular basket‐peduncle complex is discussed in relation to similar structures in other dinoflagellates and to the tentacle of the suctorian ciliates which have a homologous ingestion system.

Further Studies of Breeding Restrictions among Crypthecodinium cohnii-like Dinoflagellates. Evidence of a New Interbreeding Group

TLDR
A continuation of studies on sexual compatibility among populations of different origins of axenically cultivated, heterotrophic, homothallic dinoflagellates resembling Crypthecodinium cohnii has revealed another biologic species of wide geographic distribution and apparently associated with sea weeds other than Fucus.

Peridinin—chlorophyll a proteins from the symbiotic dinoflagellate Symbiodinium (= Gymnodinium) microadriaticum, Freudenthal

  • S. ChangR. Trench
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences
  • 1982
TLDR
Observations suggest that characteristic patterns of PCP are diagnostic of particular strains of S. microadriaticum and could potentially serve as a tool for the identification of strains and as a marker for the empirical analysis of sexual recombination.