author={Dale L. Cressman and Mark Callister and Tom Robinson and Christopher E. Near},
  journal={Journal of Children and Media},
  pages={117 - 135}
The exposure of children to profanity continues to be a concern for parents, media researchers, and policy makers alike. This study examines the types, frequency, and usage of profanity in movies directed at and featuring teenagers. A review of relevant literature explores the nature, use, and psychology of profanity, its potential social effects, and its prevalence in the media. A content analysis was conducted of the ninety top‐grossing domestic teen films in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s… 
“A Helluva Read”: Profanity in Adolescent Literature
Although the use of profanity has been examined in a number of types of media, to our knowledge profanity has not been examined in adolescent literature. Thus, the frequency and portrayal of
“Three sheets to the wind”: Substance use in teen-centered film from 1980 to 2007
The issue of substance use in America is a serious public health concern, and while some substances show downward trends, current levels of adolescent use and abuse are alarming. Film has become a
Use of Foul Language Among Chinese Adolescents: Developmental Change and Relations With Psychosocial Competences.
  • D. Shek, Li Lin
  • Psychology
    The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
  • 2017
The Animal House effect: How university-themed comedy films affect students’ attitudes
Drawing from learning and attitude theories, the current investigation explores the effect of media on students’ attitudes. Study 1 was a content analysis of 34 films classified as university-themed
Foul Language on Arabic Television: A Case Study of the First Jordanian Arabic Netflix Series
This study explores the controversial use of taboo language in Jinn, the first original Jordanian Arabic supernatural Netflix series. Taboo words uttered in each episode of Season 1 of the series
Attitudes Toward Offensive Language in Media (ATOL-M): Investigating Enjoyment of Cursing-Laced Television and Films
As offensive language becomes more pervasive on the screen, the need for scholarly understanding of the effects of such language is apparent. This article investigates personal characteristics that
Sailors and Tentative Talk-a-lots. - A study of folk linguistic notions of gendered language in action films
Title: Sailors and Tentative Talk-a-lots: A study of folk linguistic notions of gendered language in action films Author: Marcus Midefelt Supervisor: Mats Mobärg Course: EN1C03, Spring 2013,
An Analysis of Swearing Words Used by Characters in Blood Father Movie
This study aims at identifying the types of swearing words used by all characters in Blood Father Movie and the factors contributing those swearing. It is a descriptive qualitative research which
This research focuses on the forms of offensive language and the functions in social context found in Bad Boys 2 movie. The writer applied some methods, such as data source, data collection, and data
Swear words for sale
Swearing has traditionally been associated with spoken language; however, swear words are appearing more often in print and, notably, explicitly featured in commercial products. In this paper, we


Violence, sex and profanity in films: correlation of movie ratings with content.
A complete database of movie ratings available from the Motion Picture Association of America was developed, suggesting that the MPAA applied less stringency in its age-based ratings over time for the period of 1992-2003.
Watch Your Mouth! An Analysis of Profanity Uttered by Children on Prime-Time Television
This study examines the frequency and types of offensive language spoken on prime-time television in 2001, particularly on programs rated acceptable for children and teenagers, and the use of profane
Sex differences in uses and perceptions of profanity
This study examined sex differences in perceptions and uses of profanity. Profanity is considered in terms of the strength it may impart to language and as a tool of group cohesion and nonmember
Self-Absorbed, Dangerous, and Disengaged: What Popular Films Tell Us About Teenagers
An overwhelming number of American adults have negative impressions of teenagers. Mass media may play a role in these impressions. This article describes results from a content analytic study of
Adolescents' uses of media for self-socialization
The emphasis of this paper is on the role of media in the socialization of adolescents. First, a typology of adolescent media uses is presented, including entertainment, identity formation, high
Children, adolescents, and television.
The passive nature of television may displace other more active and meaningful experiences of the world, and the amount of time that children in this country spend in front of the television set has probably not decreased significantly in the past decade.
Violence in G-rated animated films.
The content analysis suggests that a significant amount of violence exists in animated G-rated feature films and Physicians and parents should not overlook videocassettes as a source of exposure to violence for children.
Persuasive Appeal for Clean Language
THE PUBLIC USE OF LANGUAGE historically seen as pro1 HE ’ fane and obscene is increasing in American society. Television and movies have become inundated with profanity, and profane language is
Female and Male Motives for Using Obscenity
Female and male college students completed a questionnaire designed to determine their beliefs about the common motives for using obscenity. Using a sample of obscene words generated by the
Messages from Teens on the Big Screen: Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use in Teen-Centered Films
  • S. Stern
  • Psychology
    Journal of health communication
  • 2005
Overall, recent teen-centered films may teach teen viewers that substance use is relatively common, mostly risk-free, and appropriate for anyone.