SUSTAINABLE MAIZE PRODUCTION USING GLIRICIDIA/MAIZE INTERCROPPING IN SOUTHERN MALAWI

@article{Akinnifesi2006SUSTAINABLEMP,
  title={SUSTAINABLE MAIZE PRODUCTION USING GLIRICIDIA/MAIZE INTERCROPPING IN SOUTHERN MALAWI},
  author={Festus Kehinde Akinnifesi and Wilkson Makumba and Freddie R. Kwesiga},
  journal={Experimental Agriculture},
  year={2006},
  volume={42},
  pages={441 - 457}
}
Maize production in Malawi is limited by high costs and sub-optimal use of chemical fertilizers under continuous cultivation. A long-term gliricidia/maize trial was undertaken on a Ferric Lixisol from 1991/92 to 2001/02. The purpose of the study was to assess the performance of a gliricidia/maize intercropping system as a low-input soil fertility replenishment option in southern Malawi. The experiment was a 2 × 3 × 3 factorial design with three replications. Treatments included two maize… Expand
Achieving sustainable agricultural production under farmer conditions in maize-gliricidia intercropping in Salima District, central Malawi
TLDR
Nonsignificant differences between MIG and TSM fields for potassium, phosphorus, and phosphorus suggests that the nutrients were not affected by presence or absence of G. sepium and may not have contributed to differences in yields. Expand
Yield Responses of Maize to Organic and Mineral Fertilizers at Different Inclinations in Tropical Smallholder Farming Systems
TLDR
The high response to mineral fertilizers indicated that the degradation of the soils resulted to a greater extent in chemical rather than in physical deficits, but intensive cropping reduced the soil organic matter within two years, to some extent slowed down by Gliricidia green manure. Expand
Growth and yield responses of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) to inorganic and organic fertilizers in southern Malawi
TLDR
The high amount of gliricidia biomass (due to prolific coppicing) applied contributed to higher cotton lint yields with reduced rates of inorganic fertilizer application, making gliricsidia-cotton intercropping a cost-effective option to smallholder farmers. Expand
Effect of soil amendment with Gliricidia sepium and Tephrosia vogelii biomass on maize yield at Makoka in Malawi
TLDR
This study shows that farmers can save nearly half of the inorganic N fertilizer required by maize under gliricidia-maize system, and concludes that soil fertility amendment with inorganic fertilizer is needed after a cotton crop. Expand
Synergistic effect of inorganic N and P fertilizers and organic inputs from Gliricidia sepium on productivity of intercropped maize in Southern Malawi
TLDR
It is concluded that combining inorganic N and P fertilizers with organic inputs from gliricidia has positive and synergistic effects on maize productivity in southern Malawi. Expand
Nitrogen dynamics in maize-based agroforestry systems as affected by landscape position in southern Malawi
TLDR
It is concluded that landscape positions have a significant effect on tree performance with sesbania remarkably adapted to thebottom slope, gliricidia to the mid-slopes and tephrosia fairing similar in both the bottom slope and mid-Slopes. Expand
GROWTH AND YIELD RESPONSE OF MAIZE TO INTEGRATED USE OF GLIRICIDIA SEPIUM, FARM MANURE AND NPK FERTILIZERS
A field study was carried out to evaluate the effect of some organic fertilizers such as Gliricidia sepium, farm manure and inorganic fertilizers like NPK applied alone and in different combinationsExpand
Coconut-gliricidia mixed cropping systems improve soil nutrients in dry and wet regions of Sri Lanka
Agroforestry systems are alternative solutions for production and management of agricultural systems which may improve soil quality. In this study, we evaluated the potential of coconut CocosExpand
Impact of alley cropping system amended with Sesbania and/or nitrogenous fertilizer on growth and yield of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf
TLDR
The lowest values of growth and yield characteristics for lemongrass were due to lemongRass as sole crop in the two seasons. Expand
Phosphorus cycling in soil aggregate fractions in maize-pigeon pea intercropping systems of Malawi
iii Maize (Zea mays) is the principle staple crop of Malawi, and provides the livelihood for the majority of the population, both in terms of caloric intake and income generation. Over the lastExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES
Soil nitrogen dynamics and relationships with maize yields in a gliricidia–maize intercrop in Malawi
TLDR
The combination of preseason inorganic N and potential N mineralization appears to provide a good estimate of N supply to maize in systems receiving both organic and inorganic sources of N. Expand
Tree and crop productivity in gliricidia/maize/pigeonpea cropping systems in southern Malawi
TLDR
Agroforestry systems containing gliricidia might be used to replace traditional maize + pigeonpea systems in southern Malawi as coppicing may be required to reduce shading when glircidia is grown together with maize. Expand
Nitrogen Dynamics in Cropping Systems in Southern Malawi Containing Gliricidia sepium, Pigeonpea and Maize
TLDR
The agroforestry systems enhanced soil fertility because mineralisation of the applied GLM increased pre-season soil mineral N content, however, this could not be fully utilised as soil N declined rapidly at a time when maize was too small to act as a major sink for N. Expand
INFLUENCE OF TIME OF APPLICATION ON THE PERFORMANCE OF GLIRICIDIA PRUNINGS AS A SOURCE OF N FOR MAIZE
Asynchrony between nitrogen (N) released by organic materials and N demand by the crop leads to low N use efficiency. Optimizing the time of application could increase the N recovery. A fieldExpand
Leucaena + maize alley cropping in Malawi. Part 2: Residual P and leaf management effects on maize nutrition and soil properties
TLDR
Applying leaves equilibrated yields within two seasons, and resulted in a relative improvement of several soil properties, while the residual effect from P applications was not adequate to maximize yields. Expand
Leucaena + maize alley cropping in Malawi. Part 1: Effects of N, P, and leaf application on maize yields and soil properties
Yields under alley cropping might be improved if the most limiting nutrients not adequately supplied or cycled by the leaves could be added as an inorganic fertilizer supplement. Three historic leafExpand
Sesbania sesban improved fallows in eastern Zambia: Their inception, development and farmer enthusiasm
TLDR
Results suggest that high maize yields following fallows are primarily due to improved N input and availability by the fallows, and the potential to increase maize production without applying mineral fertilizers has excited thousands of farmers who are enthusiastically participating in the evaluation of this technology. Expand
Evaluation of Gliricidia sepium provenances for alley cropping in Malawi
TLDR
Although biomass production between provenances varied significantly only at certain lopping stages, within-provenance variations were noticed throughout in all the traits assessed, indicating that both provenance and individual tree selection methods can be used in the genetic improvement of G. sepium for specific agroforestry uses. Expand
Organic matter technologies for integrated nutrient management in smallholder cropping systems of southern Africa
Abstract One of the biggest challenges in the tropics is to develop organic matter technologies which are adopted by the farmers. Technologies must be effective within farmer resource constraints,Expand
Alleu cropping sequentially cropped maize and cowpea with Leucaena on a sandy soil in Southern Nigeria
TLDR
The giant Leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala (Lam) de Wit) cultivar K-28 was studied on an Entisol (Psammentic Ustorthent) in Southern Nigeria and resulted in higher soil moisture retention, organic matter, exchangeable K, Ca, Mg, and also nitrate levels in the soil solution. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...