SURNAME ANALYSIS OF THE CORSICAN POPULATION REVEALS AN AGREEMENT WITH GEOGRAPHICAL AND LINGUISTIC STRUCTURE

@article{Morelli2002SURNAMEAO,
  title={SURNAME ANALYSIS OF THE CORSICAN POPULATION REVEALS AN AGREEMENT WITH GEOGRAPHICAL AND LINGUISTIC STRUCTURE},
  author={Laura Morelli and Giorgio Paoli and Paolo Francalacci},
  journal={Journal of Biosocial Science},
  year={2002},
  volume={34},
  pages={289 - 301}
}
The surname is a cultural trait that is extremely useful for historical and linguistic studies and can effectively be used as a genetic marker. In many human populations the surname is inherited in the paternal lineage, and can therefore be considered a marker for the Y chromosome. In this study, surnames were recorded from the white pages of telephone directories in current use in Corsica in 1993. All surnames present in thirteen villages scattered over the whole island and covering the main… 
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TLDR
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TLDR
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Significant genetic differentiation within the population of the Island of Corsica (France) revealed by y-chromosome analysis.
TLDR
The most significant finding is the high level of genetic differentiation within Corsica, with strong evidence of an effective barrier to male-mediated gene flow between the south and the rest of the island.
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TLDR
The results obtained indicate a decrease of LD on the island from the central mountainous toward the coastal sub-populations of the Corsican coastal populations useful for the fine mapping of genes contributing to complex diseases.
Prehistoric migrations through the Mediterranean basin shaped Corsican Y-chromosome diversity
TLDR
The high level of genetic diversity in Corsican populations is confirmed and backs genetic contributions from prehistoric migrations associated with the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Metal Age eras, rather than from historical movements to Corsica.
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