author={Robert J. Stern},
  journal={Reviews of Geophysics},
  • R. Stern
  • Published 1 December 2002
  • Geology
  • Reviews of Geophysics
Subduction zones are where sediments, oceanic crust, and mantle lithosphere return to and reequilibrate with Earth's mantle. Subduction zones are interior expressions of Earth's 55,000 km of convergent plate margins and are the geodynamic system that builds island arcs. Excess density of the mantle lithosphere in subduction zones provides most of the power needed to move the plates while inducing convection in the overriding mantle wedge. Asthenospheric mantle sucked toward the trench by the… 
S‐Wave Receiver Function Analysis of the Pampean Flat‐Slab Region: Evidence for a Torn Slab
Flat‐slab subduction is an atypical form of subduction where the downgoing plate assumes a low‐angle or subhorizontal geometry as it descends beneath the overriding plate. These systems have profound
Implications for intraplate volcanism and back-arc deformation in northwestern New Zealand, from joint inversion of receiver functions and surface waves
SUMMARY We employ a joint inversion of teleseismic receiver functions and surface wave phase velocities to determine the shear wave velocity structure in the crust and upper mantle beneath
Final Subduction Processes of the Paleo‐Asian Ocean in the Alxa Tectonic Belt (NW China): Constraints From Field and Chronological Data of Permian Arc‐Related Volcano‐Sedimentary Rocks
The timing of final subduction and closure of the Paleo‐Asian Ocean (PAO) is controversial. Located in a key position within the southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt, the Alxa Tectonic Belt (ATB)
Rates of sediment recycling beneath the Acapulco trench: Constraints from (U-Th)/He thermochronology
[1] The Sierra Madre del Sur mountain range is an uplifted forearc associated with the subduction of the Cocos plate along the Acapulco trench beneath mainland southern Mexico. The shallow subduction
Petrogenesis and tectonic implications of two‐stage Cretaceous bimodal volcanism in the coast of Zhejiang Province, South‐east China
Shipu volcanic area is located at the east of the Jiangshan‐Shaoxing Fault zone, an important part of the Mesozoic volcanic belt in the coastal south‐east China, which provides an excellent


Thermal Structure and Metamorphic Evolution of Subducting Slabs
Subducting lithospheric slabs represent the cool, downwelling limbs of mantle convection and the negative buoyancy of slabs (slab pull) drives plate tectonics [Forsyth and Uyeda, 1975]. Subduction
Physical model of source region of subduction zone volcanics
The thermal structure of a generic subduction zone is investigated to elucidate the source region of subduction zone volcanics. The steady state thermal field is evaluated for a model subduction zone
Lithospheric buoyancy and collisional orogenesis: Subduction of oceanic plateaus, continental margins, island arcs, spreading ridges, and seamounts
The sizes of continental blocks, basaltic oceanic plateaus, and island arcs that would cause collisional orogenesis when they enter a subduction zone are calculated in an analysis based upon the
Mantle and Slab Contributions in ARC Magmas
Destructive plate margins are major sites of terrestrial magmatism that have long had a key role in models for the generation of continental crust and the development of chemical heterogeneities in
The Earth's mantle
It is shown that geochemical, seismological and heat-flow data are all consistent with whole-mantle convection provided that the observed heterogeneities are remnants of recycled oceanic and continental crust that make up about 16 and 0.3 per cent, respectively, of mantle volume.
At ocean margins where two plates converge, the oceanic plate sinks or is subducted beneath an upper one topped by a layer of terrestrial crust. This crust is constructed of continental or island arc
Metastable mantle phase transformations and deep earthquakes in subducting oceanic lithosphere
Earth's deepest earthquakes occur as a population in subducting or previously subducted lithosphere at depths ranging from about 325 to 690 km. This depth interval closely brackets the mantle
Tectonic Implications of the Composition of Volcanic Arc Magmas
Volcanic arc magmas can be defined tectonically as magmas erupting from volcanic edifices above subducting oceanic lithosphere. They form a coherent magma type, characterized compositionally by
Characteristics and tectonic significance of supra-subduction zone ophiolites
Summary Supra-subduction zone (SSZ) ophiolites have the geochemical characteristics of island arcs but the structure of oceanic crust and are thought to have formed by sea-floor spreading directly