PURPOSE We report the depth dose measurements in air, in solid water, and in bone materials for the Intrabeam 50 kV x-rays with a needle applicator. METHODS The absolute dose was measured using a PTW TN34013W soft x-ray ion chamber. Gammex tissue equivalent materials of solid water, inner bone, and cortical bone slabs (minimum thickness of 2 mm) were used. In addition, the PTW solid water slabs with a minimum thickness of 1 mm were used. The manufactory calibrated depth dose data in water were compared. The x-ray source together with a needle applicator was secured on an Intrabeam stand. The slabs lay on a 6 degrees of freedom treatment couch with a digitally controlled minimum step size of 0.1 mm. The depth of the source to the ion chamber was accurately and reproducibly adjusted by moving the couch up and down. RESULTS The depth dose measurements for the Intrabeam 50 kV x-rays with a needle applicator were conducted up to 20 mm in depth. The values for the PTW solid water were close to those for water. The Gammex solid water demonstrated lower values compared to water, consistent with the observation of its positive CT number. At a depth of 10 mm, the dose rates of the system are 29.6, 3.6, 1.2, and 0.24 Gy/min in air, in water, in inner bone, and in cortical bone, respectively. The 10 mm water equivalent depths in inner and cortical bone are about 6.4 and 4.1 mm. A function of power law combining exponential was used to fit and interpolate data well. CONCLUSION Direct depth dose measurements in different materials provide a basis for treatment calculation and planning taking into account the heterogeneous effect. The results can be used for verification of analytical and/or Monte Carlo dose calculation methods as well.