author={Linda L. Shaw},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary Ethnography},
  pages={285 - 305}
  • Linda L. Shaw
  • Published 1 October 1991
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Contemporary Ethnography
Based on extensive observation and interviewing in a board and care setting, the author suggests some problems of adjustments to such living arrangements for the chronically mentally ill. The article concentrates on explicating the chronically ill person's typology of individuals living in board and care as a member's perspective of self and others. In turn, this typology reflects ways in which the chronically mentally ill come to terms with the “career” of the stigma of mental illness. 

Not being mentally ill.

Using key concepts from Bourdieu's theory of practice, it examines the challenge which survivors have mounted to the symbolic power of psychiatry, and the resistance habitus which their opposition has given rise to.

Not being mentally ill

Much of the social scientific work on psychiatry and mental health, from a variety of competing perspectives, has focused upon power and the social construction of ‘mental illness’. Very little

Stigma: Its impact on professional responses to the needs of marginalised groups

The stigma associated with drug-use, prostitution and mental and physical illness is not just an experience, it is an active and dynamic process which is often perpetrated by professional responses.

Life after the mental hospital: the way of life of deinstitutionalized psychiatric patients.

  • M. Nikkonen
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing
  • 1996
The findings suggest that home was the central area of life for the outpatients but they differed in their relation to it, and home was an asylum in which to hide from social life.

Recognizing a Role for Structure and Agency: Integrating Sociological Perspectives into the Study of Recovery from Severe Mental Illness

Mental health practitioners have traditionally regarded the long-term prognosis for severe mental illness to be poor, with a steady deterioration of functioning over the lifespan (Harding, Zubin, &


In addition to suggesting several ways in which Goffman's work on stigma has been adapted to current problems in the sociology of difference, this article suggests some particular intersections of

Doing time on the outside: Managing relationships with imprisoned men

Traditionally criminological inquiry has excluded the voices of female partners of imprisoned men, leaving their lived experiences and impacts of incarceration unacknowledged. This is a disturbing

“Murderers' Relatives”

Drawing on in-depth interviews with the relatives of convicted murderers, this article interrogates the concept of stigma through an everyday notion of familial toxicity and commonsense

Fitting In and Fighting Back: Stigma Management Strategies among Homeless Kids

Using data collected during a four-year ethnographic study, this article examines the stigma management strategies of kids who are homeless in the San Francisco Bay area. We focus specifically on

Constructing 'Control' over Anorexia Nervosa

It is concluded that the regulatory regimes that shape treatment of anorexia nervosa, is 'the law', in a sense, based on an interpretation of Foucault.



Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates

"Asylums" is an analysis of life in 'total institutions' - closed worlds like prisons, army camps, boarding schools, nursing homes and mental hospitals. It focuses on the relationship between the

Economics and Enterprise in Board and Care Homes for the Mentally Ill

The deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill in California in fact produced a new institutional system of privately operated board and care homes to provide such residential care.

Toward a public policy on the chronic mentally ill patient.

  • J. Talbott
  • Medicine
    The American journal of orthopsychiatry
  • 1980
The historical background of deinstitutionalization is reviewed, issues critical to an understanding of the problems of the chronic mental patient are examined, solutions are suggested, and a public policy on the chronic mentally patient is proposed.

The Chronic Mental Patient/II

This work focuses on training child psychiatrists and child mental health professionals to serve chronically mentally ill youth and systems of services needed for the chronic mentally ill child and adolescent.

Effective Community Treatment of the Chronically Mentally III: What is Necessary?

While clearly more services are needed than currently exist for the chronically mentally ill, it is suggested that treatment can be improved by altering the way in which existing services are delivered to this population.

The demise of the state hospital--a premature obituary?

A five-year follow-up study of long-term state hospital patients revealed that ex-patients living alone or with family or friends are younger, have been hospitalized less, and function at a higher

Discharged mental patients--are they really in the community?

The high-expectation group of discharged long-term mental patients randomly assigned to one of two community settings is less segregated, is less likely to be labeled as deviate, and is less stigmatized.

Making It Crazy: An Ethnography of Psychiatric Clients in an American Community

In this title, Estroff describes a group of chronic psychiatric clients as they attempt life outside a mental hospital.

Stigma; Notes On The Management Of Spoiled Identity

CONTENTS 1. Stigma and Social Identity Preliminary Conceptions The Own and the Wise Moral Career 2. Information Control and Personal Identity The Discredited and the Discreditable Social Information

Mental Illness and Health Care Policy

  • C. Sundram
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Journal of public health policy
  • 1986
It is difficult to imagine another public health problem, not similarly isolated from mainstream public health policy formulation, about which the authors know so little or are doing as little to correct their state of ignorance.