author={B. Peterson and B. Fry},
  journal={Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics},
  • B. Peterson, B. Fry
  • Published 1987
  • Chemistry
  • Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
The use of stable isotopes to solve biogeochemical problems in ecosystem analysis is increasing rapidly because stable isotope data can contribute both source-sink (tracer) and process information: The elements C, N, S, H, and all have more than one isotope, and isotopic compositions of natural materials can be measured with great precision with a mass spectrometer. Isotopic compositions change in predictable ways as elements cycle through the biosphere. These changes have been exploited by… Expand
Tracing energy flow in stream food webs using stable isotopes of hydrogen
Consistent source separation in streams suggests that δD may provide a complementary food web tracer to δ13C in aquatic food webs, and Lack of significant seasonal or spatial variation inδD is a distinct advantage over δ 13C for applications in many aquatic ecosystems. Expand
Stable isotope tracers: Enriching our perspectives and questions on sources, fates, rates, and pathways of major elements in aquatic systems
Stable isotope applications have evolved from simple characterizations of isotope composition in organisms and organic matter, to highly complex methodologies on scales ranging from individualExpand
Applications of Stable Isotope Technology in Physiological Ecology
The aim of the following article is to highlight methodological and theoretical constraints for any new study, to evaluate the current applications in physiological ecology, and to suggest some potential developments. Expand
Assessing Ecosystem-Level Water Relations Through Stable Isotope Ratio Analyses
Virtually all elements of biological interest have multiple stable isotopic forms and the fractionation events associated with biological and physical processes help to create spatial and temporalExpand
Application of stable isotope techniques in studies of carbon and nitrogen biogeochemical cycles of ecosystem
Stable isotope techniques have been proved useful as tools for studying the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) biogeochemical cycles of ecosystem. This paper firstly introduced the basic principles and theExpand
Source Identification in Marine Ecosystems
The measurement of natural abundance stable isotope signals in various ecosystem components provides a powerfully incisive means for identifying sources of natural or anthropogenic carbon (C) orExpand
Stable isotope partitioning in seep and vent organisms: chemical and ecological significance
Stable isotope compositions provide insight into these diverse metabolic strategies; however, a complete inventory of the concentration and isotopic composition of inorganic and organic substrates, as well as supporting biochemical, enzymatic and observational studies, are needed to resolve fundamental ecological questions. Expand
Stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen in soil ecological studies
  • A. Tiunov
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Biology Bulletin
  • 2007
Stable isotope ecology and patterns of stable isotope fractionation during organic matter decomposition are considered with special emphasis on the fractionation of isotopes in food chains and the use ofstable isotope studies of trophic relationships between soil animals in the field. Expand
Expanding the Isotopic Toolbox: Applications of Hydrogen and Oxygen Stable Isotope Ratios to Food Web Studies
The advantages and challenges associated with three applications of δ2H and δ18O values in food web studies are explored, and directions for targeted research are highlighted that will increase understanding of how these markers move through food webs and reflect ecological processes. Expand
Stable isotopes as tracers in aquatic ecosystems
The addition of stable isotopes (SI) of 13 C and 15 N has been used to study several aquatic processes, thus avoiding environmental disturbance by the observer. This approach, employed for the lastExpand


Stable Carbon Isotopes and Carbon Flow in EcosystemsMeasuring 13C to 12C ratios can help trace carbon pathways
A primary goal of ecology is to understand patterns of energy flow and material cycling and how food webs in populations, communities, and ecosystems are put together. This has not only theoreticalExpand
Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Tracers of Trophic Dynamics in Natural Populations and Fisheries of the Lahontan Lake System, Nevada
Carbon isotope ratio measurements clearly illustrated the isotopic similarity between hatchery-raised Lahontan cutthroat trout and cui-ui and the artificial diet, but differed from the δ13C of their wild counterparts consuming natural foods. Expand
Atmospheric nitrogen is a reliable standard for natural 15N abundance measurements
Research based on 15N stable isotope variations in natural compounds is expanding in scientific fields such as biogeochemistry (isotope fractionation effects measurements1–7), metabolic studies8,9,Expand
Isotopic variations of the nitrogen in Lake Superior
Abstract The isotopic compositions of nitrogen in lake water, plankton samples and the organic-N fractions extracted from sediments at selected stations in Lake Superior are presented. The δ15NExpand
Carbon isotope fractionation in formation of amino acids by photosynthetic organisms.
  • P. Abelson, T. Hoering
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1961
Investigation of carbon isotope fractionation in a variety of photosynthetic and nonphotosynthetic organisms, including some grown in the laboratory under controlled conditions and some that had grown in a natural environment finds the effect of isotopic substitution on the physicochemical properties of molecules interesting. Expand
Multiple Stable Isotopes Used to Trace the Flow of Organic Matter in Estuarine Food Webs
The use of a combination of the stable isotopes of sulfur, carbon, and nitrogen allows the flow of organic matter and trophic relations in salt marshes and estuaries to be traced while eliminatingExpand
Microbiological fractionation of stable sulfur isotopes: A review and critique
Microbiological transformations of sulfur compounds discriminate to various degrees between the stable sulfur isotopes 32S and 34S. Comparatively little is known on isotopic effects associated withExpand
Biogeochemistry of Stable Carbon Isotopes
In 1947, in his classical paper on the thermodynamic properties of isotopic substances, H. C. Urey [1] laid the foundation of modern isotope geochemistry. At the same time, A. O. Nier [2] designed aExpand
Sulfur and Carbon Isotopes as Tracers of Salt‐Marsh Organic Matter Flow
Spartina detritus and plankton were both shown to be much more important as organic matter sources for marsh macroconsumers than either sulfur-oxidizing bacteria or organic matter derived from terrestrial inputs. Expand
A theoretical model of the stable sulfur isotope distribution in marine sediments
Abstract A diffusion-diagenesis model of the sulfur cycle is developed to calculate theoretical distributions of stable sulfur isotopes in marine sediments. The model describes the depth variation inExpand