Sequestosome1/A170/p62 (SQSTM1) is a scaffold multifunctional protein involved in several cellular events, such as signal transduction, cell survival, cell death, and inflammation. SQSTM1 expression by macrophages is induced in response to environmental stresses; however, its role in macrophage-mediated host responses to environmental stimuli, such as infectious pathogens, remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of SQSTM1 in host responses to Legionella pneumophila, an intra-cellular pathogen that infects macrophages, in both an SQSTM1-deficient (SQSTM1(-/-) ) mouse model and macrophages from these mice. Compared with wild-type (WT) macrophages, the production and secretion of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β was significantly enhanced in SQSTM1(-/-) macrophages after infection with L. pneumophila. Inflammasome activity, indicated by the level of IL-18 and caspase-1 activity, was also elevated in SQSTM1(-/-) macrophages after infection with L. pneumophila. SQSTM1 may interact with nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor family, caspase recruitment domain-containing 4 and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 proteins to inhibit their self-dimerization. Acute pulmonary inflammation induced by L. pneumophila and silica was enhanced in SQSTM1(-/-) mice with an increase in IL-1β levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluids. These findings suggest that SQSTM1 is a negative regulator of acute pulmonary inflammation, possibly by regulating inflammasome activity and subsequent proinflammatory cytokine production.