SPECIATION AND ECOLOGY REVISITED: PHYLOGENETIC NICHE CONSERVATISM AND THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES

@article{Wiens2004SPECIATIONAE,
  title={SPECIATION AND ECOLOGY REVISITED: PHYLOGENETIC NICHE CONSERVATISM AND THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES},
  author={John J. Wiens},
  journal={Evolution},
  year={2004},
  volume={58}
}
  • J. Wiens
  • Published 2004
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution
Abstract Evolutionary biologists have often suggested that ecology is important in speciation, in that natural selection may drive adaptive divergence between lineages that inhabit different environments. I suggest that it is the tendency of lineages to maintain their ancestral ecological niche (phylogenetic niche conservatism) and their failure to adapt to new environments which frequently isolates incipient species and begins the process of speciation. Niche conservatism may be an important… Expand
DOES NICHE CONSERVATISM PROMOTE SPECIATION? A CASE STUDY IN NORTH AMERICAN SALAMANDERS
TLDR
The results demonstrate that even the relatively subtle climatic differences between montane and lowland habitats in eastern North America may play a key role in the origin of new species. Expand
Niche Conservatism: Integrating Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation Biology
TLDR
This work describes how niche conservatism in climatic tolerances may limit geographic range expansion and how this one type of niche conservatism may be important in allopatric speciation and the spread of invasive, human-introduced species. Expand
A phylogenetic perspective on the distribution of plant diversity
  • M. Donoghue
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2008
Phylogenetic studies are revealing that major ecological niches are more conserved through evolutionary history than expected, implying that adaptations to major climate changes have not readily beenExpand
Niche divergence accelerates evolution in Asian endemic Procapra gazelles
TLDR
Substantial evidence for niche divergence in species’ bioclimatic preferences is found, which supports the hypothesis that niche divergence accelerates diversification in Procapra and helps to elucidate how environmental changes accelerate lineage diversification. Expand
Niche Shifts: The Primary Driver of Novelty within Angiosperm Genera
TLDR
It is proposed that niche shifts rather than long-term environmental change are the primary drivers of evolutionary novelty within genera, based on the differences in the dynamics of speciation through gradual change and in the Dynamics of Speciation through niche transitions. Expand
Radiation of tropical island bees and the role of phylogenetic niche conservatism as an important driver of biodiversity
TLDR
It is argued that phylogenetic niche conservatism is an important driver of tropical island bee biodiversity but that this phylogenetic inertia also leads to major extinction risks for tropical ectotherms under future warming climates. Expand
Changing Only Slowly: The Role of Phylogenetic Niche Conservatism in Caviidae (Rodentia) Speciation
The dynamics of species diversification have attracted significant scientific attention in recent decades. Many lineages tend to maintain their niche characteristics over evolutionary time, aExpand
Phylogenetic niche conservatism and the evolutionary basis of ecological speciation
TLDR
Ultimately, PNC as a process has a well‐defined mechanistic basis in organisms, and future studies investigating ecological speciation would be well served to consider this, and frame hypothesis testing in terms of the processes and expected patterns described herein. Expand
Niche conservatism promotes speciation in cycads: the case of Dioon merolae (Zamiaceae) in Mexico.
TLDR
This study explains why cycads, despite their ancient lineage origin and biological stasis, have been able to diversify into modern ecosystems worldwide. Expand
Allopatric speciation is more prevalent than parapatric ecological divergence in tropical montane systems (Asteraceae: Piofontia)
TLDR
It is concluded that páramo autochthonous diversification is primarily driven by allopatric speciation, while a smaller fraction are attributed to parapatric ecological divergence. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
Ecology and the origin of species.
  • D. Schluter
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Trends in ecology & evolution
  • 2001
TLDR
The mechanisms that give rise to new species by divergent selection are reviewed, the alternatives are compared, recent tests in nature are summarized, and areas requiring research are highlighted. Expand
Ecology and speciation.
Recent studies on diverse taxa suggest that natural selection caused by shifts in ecology or invasions of novel habitats plays an important role in adaptive divergence and speciation. Exciting newExpand
Conservatism of ecological niches in evolutionary time
TLDR
Reciprocal geographic predictions based on ecological niche models of sister taxon pairs of birds, mammals, and butterflies in southern Mexico indicate niche conservatism over several million years of independent evolution but little conservatism at the level of families. Expand
Phylogenies and Community Ecology
TLDR
A common pattern of phylogenetic conservatism in ecological character is recognized and the challenges of using phylogenies of partial lineages are highlighted and phylogenetic approaches to three emergent properties of communities: species diversity, relative abundance distributions, and range sizes are reviewed. Expand
Endless Forms: Species and Speciation
TLDR
This volume presents the newest findings from their studies and brings readers up to date on species concepts, modes of speciation, the nature of reproductive barriers, the forces that drive divergence of populations, the genetic control of reproductive isolation, and the role played by hybrid zones and hybridization in speciation. Expand
The General Lineage Concept of Species, Species Criteria, and the Process of Speciation
TLDR
This chapter provides a general theoretical context that accounts for both the unity and the diversity of ideas represented by alternative species definitions, and proposes a revised and conceptually unified terminology for the ideas described by contemporary species definitions. Expand
ISOLATING A ROLE FOR NATURAL SELECTION IN SPECIATION: HOST ADAPTATION AND SEXUAL ISOLATION IN NEOCHLAMISUS BEBBIANAE LEAF BEETLES
  • D. J. Funk
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1998
TLDR
A method for isolating and evaluating the contribution of host plant‐related natural selection pressures to the reproductive isolation between allopatric herbivore populations is offered. Expand
Detecting the Geographical Pattern of Speciation from Species‐Level Phylogenies
TLDR
It is found that relatively recent speciation events are characterized by greater asymmetry in range size between sister clades than expected under the null models, providing potential support for the peripatric model of speciation. Expand
The Ecological Genetics of Speciation
  • S. Via
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The American Naturalist
  • 2002
TLDR
The essence of this way of thinking and the ways in which it can be used to address persistent open questions in speciation are discussed. Expand
How Does Immigration Influence Local Adaptation? A Reexamination of a Familiar Paradigm
TLDR
Stasis in species' borders provides a particularly compelling category of "niche conservatism" - the observation that phylogenetic lineages often seem to retain much the same ecological niche over substantial spans of evolutionary history. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...