SP 23.6: A 1.8GHz CMOS Voltage-Controlled Oscillator

This paper describes the factors that limit the tuning range of monolithic LC voltage-controlled oscillators (VCOs), especially at low supply voltages, and introduces circuit techniques that alleviate this problem. Incorporating such techniques, a 1.8GHz CMOS oscillator achieves a tuning range of 120MHz with a relatively constant gain while exhibiting a… CONTINUE READING